News tagged with upper mantle

Volcanoes deliver two flavors of water

Seawater circulation pumps hydrogen and boron into the oceanic plates that make up the seafloor, and some of this seawater remains trapped as the plates descend into the mantle at areas called subduction zones. ...

dateFeb 26, 2012 in Earth Sciences
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Earthquakes: Water as a lubricant

Geophysicists from Potsdam (Germany) have established a mode of action that can explain the irregular distribution of strong earthquakes at the San Andreas Fault in California. As the science magazine Nature reports in its ...

dateNov 30, 2011 in Earth Sciences
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When continents formed

A new way to calculate the age of the Earth's crust has been developed by researchers from the University of Bristol and the University of St Andrews.

dateJan 13, 2011 in Earth Sciences
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Earth's mantle plasticity explained

Earth's mantle is a solid layer that undergoes slow, continuous convective motion. But how do these rocks deform, thus making such motion possible, given that minerals such as olivine (the main constituent ...

dateMar 07, 2014 in Earth Sciences
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As the World Churns

(PhysOrg.com) -- "Terra firma." It's Latin for "solid Earth." Most of the time, at least from our perspective here on the ground, Earth seems to be just that: solid. Yet the Earth beneath our feet is actually ...

dateDec 28, 2009 in Earth Sciences
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The Atlantic 'resting' -- for now

Geophysicists have simulated when the continents around the Atlantic develop active continental margins with earthquakes and volcanoes. According to the model, ‘real’ fully active subduction zones ...

dateMay 23, 2011 in Earth Sciences
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