News tagged with theoretical models

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Detecting biomarkers on faraway planets

(Phys.org) —On Earth, life leaves telltale signals in the atmosphere. Photosynthesis is ultimately responsible for the high oxygen levels and the thick ozone layer. Microbes emit methane and nitrous oxide ...

dateSep 10, 2013 in Astronomy
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Storing quantum information permanently

Quantum memory is one of the basic building blocks needed for realizing a quantum computer one day. Atac Imamoglu, a professor of quantum electronics, and Renato Renner, a professor of theoretical physics, ...

dateJul 27, 2011 in Quantum Physics
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Mathematical models to better combat HIV

The first few hours to days following exposure to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) can be of critical importance in determining if infection occurs in a patient. But the low numbers of viruses and infected cells at this ...

dateMay 31, 2013 in Mathematics
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Magnetic fields in interstellar clouds

(PhysOrg.com) -- Magnetic fields play an important role in the formation and evolution of stars, as they stretch around a hot medium like a rubber band and help to determine the flow of material onto or away ...

dateMar 25, 2011 in Astronomy
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Carbon Atmosphere Discovered on Neutron Star

(PhysOrg.com) -- Evidence for a thin veil of carbon has been found on the neutron star in the Cassiopeia A supernova remnant. This discovery, made with NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory, resolves a ten-year ...

dateNov 04, 2009 in Astronomy
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Probing the origins of extreme neutron stars

(PhysOrg.com) -- Neutron stars are the unimaginably dense corpses of what were once much more massive stars that died while being ripped apart in a supernova explosion. Their average density is typically more than one billion ...

dateMay 31, 2011 in Astronomy
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Revealing secrets of atomic nuclei

Individual protons and neutrons in atomic nuclei turn out not to behave according to the predictions made by existing theoretical models. This surprising conclusion, reached by an international team of physicists ...

dateJan 21, 2015 in General Physics
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