Oranges versus orange juice: Which one might be better for your health?
Many health advocates advise people to eat an orange and drink water rather than opt for a serving of sugary juice. But in ACS' Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, scientists report that the pictur ...
Light replaces the needle
One in twelve children are born prematurely in Switzerland. If hypoglycemia develops in these premature babies and persists for over an hour, it can affect brain development. In order to prevent this, the ...
Prions can trigger 'stuck' wine fermentations, researchers find
A chronic problem in winemaking is "stuck fermentation," when yeast that should be busily converting grape sugar into alcohol and carbon dioxide prematurely shuts down, leaving the remaining sugar to instead ...
Airlock-like transport protein structure discovered
Sugars are an essential source of energy for microrganisms, animals and humans. They are produced by plants, which convert energy from sunlight into chemical energy in the form of sugars through photosynthesis.
Plant variants point the way to improved biofuel production
Manufacturing biofuels from food crop by-products such as straw could be made quicker and cheaper thanks to the work of scientists in the UK and France.
Laser device may end pin pricks, improve quality of life for diabetics
(Phys.org) —Princeton University researchers have developed a way to use a laser to measure people's blood sugar, and, with more work to shrink the laser system to a portable size, the technique could allow ...
New insights in survival strategies of bacteria
Bacteria are particularly ingenious when it comes to survival strategies. They often create a biofilm to protect themselves from a hostile environment, for example during treatment with antibiotics. A biofilm is a bacterial ...
Breakthrough understanding of biomolecules could lead to new and better drugs
(Phys.org) —There's a certain type of biomolecule built like a nano-Christmas tree. Called a glycoconjugate, it's many branches are bedecked with sugary ornaments.
Making smartphones smarter with see-through sensors
(Phys.org)—Your smartphone's display glass could soon be more than just a pretty face, thanks to new technology developed by researchers from Montreal and the New York-based company Corning Incorporated. ...
A win-win-win solution for biofuel, climate, and biodiversity
Fossil fuel emissions release billions of tons of carbon into the atmosphere each year, which is changing the climate and threatening the sustainability of life on planet Earth. In Brazil, the demand for ...
X-rays unlock a protein's SWEET side
Sugar is a vital source of energy for both plants and animals alike.
Sugar responsible for shoot branching in plants
(Phys.org) —A University of Queensland study has overturned the long-held belief that plant hormones control the shape of plant growth, and shown instead that this process starts with sugar.
Plant-derived chemical converts to cellulosic ethanol and drop-in biofuels
(Phys.org) —Using a plant-derived chemical, UW-Madison researchers have developed a process for creating a concentrated stream of sugars that's ripe with possibility for biofuels.
How sweet it is: New tool for characterizing plant sugar transporters
A powerful new tool that can help advance the genetic engineering of "fuel" crops for clean, green and renewable bioenergy, has been developed by researchers with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)'s Joint ...