The source of the sky's X-ray glow
In findings that help astrophysicists understand our corner of the galaxy, an international research team has shown that the soft X-ray glow blanketing the sky comes from both inside and outside the solar system.
Material generates steam under solar illumination
A new material structure developed at MIT generates steam by soaking up the sun.
A new approach to creating organic zeolites
Yushan Yan, Distinguished Professor of Engineering at the University of Delaware, is known worldwide for using nanomaterials to solve problems in energy engineering, environmental sustainability and electronics.
Finding the 'heart' of an obstacle to superconductivity
A team at Cornell and Brookhaven National Laboratory has discovered that previously observed density waves that seem to suppress superconductivity are linked to an electronic "broken symmetry," offering an ...
New etching process builds custom nanostructures for X-ray optics
Scientists at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory have invented a customizable chemical etching process that can be used to manufacture high-performance focusing devices for the ...
Boron 'buckyball' discovered
The discovery 30 years ago of soccer-ball-shaped carbon molecules called buckyballs helped to spur an explosion of nanotechnology research. Now, there appears to be a new ball on the pitch.
Technique simplifies the creation of high-tech crystals
Highly purified crystals that split light with uncanny precision are key parts of high-powered lenses, specialized optics and, potentially, computers that manipulate light instead of electricity. But producing ...
Four-color theorem linked to crystal's magnetic properties
Human cells' protein factory has an alternate operating manual
Working with a gene that plays a critical role in HIV infection, University of Maryland researchers have discovered that some human genes have an alternate set of operating instructions written into their ...
Two for the price of one: Single-molecule microscopy simultaneously monitors protein structure and function
Express yourself: Scientists use genetic algorithm to design self-assembling ssDNA-grafted particles
Asteroid Vesta to reshape theories of planet formation
EPFL researchers have a better understanding of the asteroid Vesta and its internal structure, thanks to numerical simulations and data from the space mission Dawn. Their findings, published today in Nature, questi ...
New paradigm for solar cell construction demonstrated
(Phys.org) —For solar panels, wringing every drop of energy from as many photons as possible is imperative. This goal has sent chemistry, materials science and electronic engineering researchers on a quest ...
New bone-like material is lighter than water but as strong as steel
Materials shape human progress – think stone age or bronze age. The 21st century has been referred to as the molecular age, a time when scientists are beginning to manipulate materials at the atomic level ...