Growing better poplars for biofuels
(Phys.org)—It took mankind millennia of painstaking trial and error to breed hardier, healthier food crops.
Expanding database enables discoveries in emerging field of metabolomics
(Phys.org)—Over the last decade, metabolomics has emerged as the newest of the "omic" sciences (following genomics and proteomics) to provide comprehensive biochemical information about cellular metabolism. This new field ...
Mass spectrometry protein assays that match sensitivity of antibody-based clinical tests may speed drug discovery
(Phys.org)—Combining two well-established analytic techniques and adding a twist identifies proteins from blood with as much accuracy and sensitivity as the antibody-based tests used clinically, researchers ...
New technique yields never-before-seen information critical to biofuels research
(Phys.org) -- Pioneering mass spectrometry methods developed at Ames Laboratory are helping plant biologists get their first glimpses of never-before-seen plant tissue structures.
Listening to life: New chemical imaging method probes the communications of live microbial colonies
(Phys.org) -- Once impossible, scientists can now eavesdrop on microbes, thanks to a new technique from scientists at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and three universities. Microbes converse by releasing ...
Study resets date of earliest animal life by 30 million years
University of Alberta researchers have uncovered physical proof that animals existed 585 million years ago, 30 million years earlier than all previous established records show.
New NIST SRM supports the fight against terrorist bombings
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has released a new standard reference material (SRM) to aid in the detection of two explosive compounds that are known to be used by terrorists. Researchers ...
Virus 'barcodes' offer rapid detection of mutated strains
Researchers at the University of Leeds are developing a way to 'barcode' viral diseases to rapidly test new outbreaks for potentially lethal mutations.
Researchers solve 40-year-old Fourier Transform Mass Spectrometry phasing problem
(Phys.org) -- Scientists at the University of Warwick have developed a computation which simultaneously doubles the resolution, sensitivity and mass accuracy of Fourier Transform Mass Spectrometry (FTMS) at no extra cost.
First description of a triple DNA helix in a vacuum
A team of researchers at the Institute for Research in Biomedicine (IRB Barcelona) and the Barcelona Supercomputing Center (BSC) have managed for the first time to extract trustworthy structural information ...
Dog skull dates back 33,000 years
If you think a Chihuahua doesn't have much in common with a Rottweiler, you might be on to something.
First physical evidence of tobacco in a Mayan container
A scientist at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute and an anthropologist from the University at Albany teamed up to use ultra-modern chemical analysis technology at Rensselaer to analyze ancient Mayan pottery ...
New top-down strategy of identifying proteins could lead to early detection of disease
The human genome has been mapped. Now, it's on to proteins, a much more daunting task. There are 20,300 genes, but there are millions of distinct protein molecules in our bodies. Many of these hold keys to understanding disease ...
Researchers build largest protein interaction map to date
Researchers have built a map that shows how thousands of proteins in a fruit fly cell communicate with each other . This is the largest and most detailed protein interaction map of a multicellular organism, demonstrating ...