Fracking risks to ground water assessed
New evidence supporting theory of extraterrestrial impact found
An 18-member international team of researchers that includes James Kennett, professor of earth science at UC Santa Barbara, has discovered melt-glass material in a thin layer of sedimentary rock in Pennsylvania, ...
Curiosity rover finds conditions once suited for ancient life on Mars
(Phys.org) —An analysis of a rock sample collected by NASA's Curiosity rover shows ancient Mars could have supported living microbes.
Ancient fresh water lake on Mars could have sustained life, Curiosity researchers show
Scientists have found evidence that there was once an ancient lake on Mars that may have been able to support life, in research published today in the journal Science.
Putting flesh on the bones of ancient fish: Synchrotron X-rays reconstruct soft tissue on 380 million year old fish
Swedish, Australian and French researchers present for the first time miraculously preserved musculature of 380 million year old armoured fish discovered in north-west Australia. This research will help scientists ...
Oldest fossils ever found may not be fossils after all
Earth's oldest fossils boost hopes for life on Mars
(PhysOrg.com) -- Microfossils found in Australia show that more than 3.4 billion years ago, bacteria thrived on an Earth that had no oxygen, a finding that boosts hopes life has existed on Mars, a study published ...
Test shows dinosaurs survived mass extinction by 700,000 years
University of Alberta researchers determined that a fossilized dinosaur bone found in New Mexico confounds the long established paradigm that the age of dinosaurs ended between 65.5 and 66 million years ago.
140-million-year-old dinosaur tooth found in Malaysia
A dinosaur tooth found in Malaysia is at least 140 million years old and belongs to a new species within the "bird-hipped" Ornithischian order, researchers said Thursday.
Life's history in iron
A new study examines how Earth's oldest iron formations could have been formed before oxygenic photosynthesis played a role in oxidizing iron.
Pilbara home to 3.5 billion-year-old bacterial ecosystems
(Phys.org) —Evidence of complex microbial ecosystems dating back almost 3.5 billion years has been found in Western Australia's Pilbara region by an international team including UWA Research Assistant Professor ...
Modeling sulfur in the Archean atmosphere
A new study has revealed details about the composition of Earth's atmosphere during the Archean eon, which lasted from around 4 billion years ago to 2.4 billion years ago.
Huge and widespread volcanic eruptions triggered the end-Triassic extinction
More than 200 million years ago, a massive extinction decimated 76 percent of marine and terrestrial species, marking the end of the Triassic period and the onset of the Jurassic. This devastating event cleared ...
Can we accurately model fluid flow in shale?
(Phys.org)—Given that over 20 trillion cubic meters of natural gas, a third of the United States' total reserves, are thought to be trapped in shale, and given the rush to exploit shale oil and gas resources ...