Quantum dot LED approaches theoretical maximum efficiency
Nanoscale engineering boosts performance of quantum dot light emitting diodes
(Phys.org) —Dramatic advances in the field of quantum dot light emitting diodes (QD-LEDs) could come from recent work by the Nanotechnology and Advanced Spectroscopy team at Los Alamos National Laboratory.
When genes play games: Algorithm helps explain sex in evolution
What do you get when you mix theorists in computer science with evolutionary biologists? You get an algorithm to explain sex.
Study raises questions on what causes silicon solar cell degradation
Scientists break light modulation speed record -- twice
Researchers have constructed a light-emitting transistor that has set a new record with a signal-processing modulation speed of 4.3 gigahertz, breaking the previous record of 1.7 gigahertz held by a light-emitting diode.
In solar cells, tweaking the tiniest of parts yields big jump in efficiency
(PhysOrg.com) -- By tweaking the smallest of parts, a trio of University at Buffalo engineers is hoping to dramatically increase the amount of sunlight that solar cells convert into electricity.
LED efficiency puzzle solved by theorists
Researchers at the University of California, Santa Barbara, say they've figured out the cause of a problem that's made light-emitting diodes (LEDs) impractical for general lighting purposes. Their work will help engineers ...
Cause of LED efficiency droop finally revealed: Auger recombination responsible
(Phys.org)—Researchers at University of California, Santa Barbara, in collaboration with colleagues at the École Polytechnique in France, have conclusively identified Auger recombination as the mechanism ...
Natural selection is not the only process that drives evolution
Study shows how DNA finds its match
It's been more than 50 years since James Watson and Francis Crick showed that DNA is a double helix of two strands that complement each other. But how does a short piece of DNA find its match, out of the millions ...
Breakthrough nano-technology solar cell achieves 18.2% efficiency, eliminates need for anti-reflection layer
(Phys.org)—Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) have produced solar cells using nanotechnology techniques at an efficiency – 18.2%—that is competitive. The breakthrough ...
Safeguarding genome integrity through extraordinary DNA repair
(PhysOrg.com) -- DNA is under constant attack, from internal factors like free radicals and external ones like ionizing radiation. About 10 double-strand breaks the kind that snap both backbones of ...
Single gene mutation can sweep through bacterial population, opening the door for the concept of 'species'
Bacteria are the most populous organisms on the planet. They thrive in almost every known environment, adapting to different habitats by means of genetic variations that provide the capabilities essential ...
Enzyme helps cancer cells avoid genetic instability
Cancer cells are resourceful survivors with plenty of tricks for staying alive. Researchers have uncovered one of these stratagems, showing how cells lacking the tumor suppressor BRCA1 can resume one form ...