Game theory used to explain evolution of 'third party punishment'
You're shopping for holiday gifts when you spot someone pocketing a nice pair of leather gloves. What do you do?
Research experiment suggests chimps don't punish third party bad behavior
New Study Eyes Evolution of Fairness and Punishment
(PhysOrg.com) -- Researchers have long been puzzled by large societies in which strangers routinely engage in voluntary acts of kindness, respect and mutual benefit even though there is often an individual cost involved.
Evolution: Social exclusion leads to cooperation
Social exclusion as a punishment strategy helps explain the evolution of cooperation, according to new research published today in the Proceedings of the Royal Society B.
Difficult-to-read font reduces political polarity, study finds
(Phys.org)—Liberals and conservatives who are polarized on certain politically charged subjects become more moderate when reading political arguments in a difficult-to-read font, researchers report in a ...
Punishment motivated by fairness, not revenge
Researchers at UCL (University College London) and Harvard University have found that we punish cheats only when they end up better off than us, in a study that challenges the notion that punishment is motivated by revenge.
Tax evaders prefer institutional punishment
(Phys.org) -- Selfish behaviour is a threat to successful coexistence and mutual cooperation. In many cases this human cooperation is based on punishing those who do not cooperate. There can be two different forms of punishment ...
When reputation is at stake, punishment becomes more responsible
(Phys.org) -- The evolution of cooperative behaviour in people is often explained by the fact that it provides the opportunity to punish undesirable behaviour. However, such punishment is costly and the benefits for the person ...
Punishment of egoistic behavior is not rewarded
The heated debate surrounding the German "state Trojan" software for the online monitoring of telecommunication between citizens shows that the concealed observation of our private decisions provokes public ...
Study of East African group suggests punishment could sustain large-scale cooperation among strangers
To punish or not to punish: Lessons from reef fish and saber-tooth blennies
Researchers have experimentally shown that some species of reef fish will enact punishment on the parasitic saber-tooth blennies that stealthily attack them from behind and take a bite, even though their behavior offers no ...
Coordinated Punishment Leads to Increased Cooperation in Large Groups
(PhysOrg.com) -- Humans are incredibly cooperative, but why do people cooperate and how is cooperation maintained? A new research study by UCLA anthropology professor Robert Boyd and his colleagues from the ...
Liberal? Conservative? Stanford study says mental nudge can make voters flip-flop
(PhysOrg.com) -- No doubt you’ve worked hard for your success. But chances are you’ve also had some help and lucky breaks along the way.
Dogs are aggressive if they are trained badly
Many dogs are put down or abandoned due to their violent nature, but contrary to popular belief, breed has little to do with a dog's aggressive behaviour compared to all the owner-dependant factors. This is ...