Game theory used to explain evolution of 'third party punishment'
You're shopping for holiday gifts when you spot someone pocketing a nice pair of leather gloves. What do you do?
Research experiment suggests chimps don't punish third party bad behavior
New Study Eyes Evolution of Fairness and Punishment
(PhysOrg.com) -- Researchers have long been puzzled by large societies in which strangers routinely engage in voluntary acts of kindness, respect and mutual benefit even though there is often an individual cost involved.
Research shows belief in supernatural punishment, rather than 'big gods' of religion gave rise to complex societies
Carrot or stick? Game-theory can optimize collaboration
What motivates people to cooperate in collaborative endeavors? "First carrot, then stick". Tatsuya Sasaki, mathematician from the University of Vienna, has put forth for the first time ever a mathematical ...
Compensation and punishment: 'Justice' depends on whether or not we're a victim
We're more likely to punish wrongdoing as a third party to a non-violent offense than when we're victimized by it, according to a new study by New York University psychology researchers. The findings, which appear in the ...
Evolution: Social exclusion leads to cooperation
Social exclusion as a punishment strategy helps explain the evolution of cooperation, according to new research published today in the Proceedings of the Royal Society B.
Difficult-to-read font reduces political polarity, study finds
(Phys.org)—Liberals and conservatives who are polarized on certain politically charged subjects become more moderate when reading political arguments in a difficult-to-read font, researchers report in a ...
Punishment motivated by fairness, not revenge
Researchers at UCL (University College London) and Harvard University have found that we punish cheats only when they end up better off than us, in a study that challenges the notion that punishment is motivated by revenge.
Tax evaders prefer institutional punishment
(Phys.org) -- Selfish behaviour is a threat to successful coexistence and mutual cooperation. In many cases this human cooperation is based on punishing those who do not cooperate. There can be two different forms of punishment ...
When reputation is at stake, punishment becomes more responsible
(Phys.org) -- The evolution of cooperative behaviour in people is often explained by the fact that it provides the opportunity to punish undesirable behaviour. However, such punishment is costly and the benefits for the person ...
Punishment of egoistic behavior is not rewarded
The heated debate surrounding the German "state Trojan" software for the online monitoring of telecommunication between citizens shows that the concealed observation of our private decisions provokes public ...
Study of East African group suggests punishment could sustain large-scale cooperation among strangers
To punish or not to punish: Lessons from reef fish and saber-tooth blennies
Researchers have experimentally shown that some species of reef fish will enact punishment on the parasitic saber-tooth blennies that stealthily attack them from behind and take a bite, even though their behavior offers no ...