Researchers find greenhouse gas emissions from shale gas similar to that for conventional natural gas
Cat domestication traced to Chinese farmers 5,300 years ago
Five-thousand years before it was immortalized in a British nursery rhyme, the cat that caught the rat that ate the malt was doing just fine living alongside farmers in the ancient Chinese village of Quanhucun, ...
Research charts the ecological impact of microbial respiration in the oxygen-starved ocean
A sulfur-oxidizing bacterial group called SUP05 will play an increasingly important role in carbon and nutrient cycling in the world's oceans as oxygen minimum zones expand, according to research published this week in the ...
Researchers revise Darwin's thinking on invasive species
For more than a century and a half, researchers interested in invasive species have looked to Charles Darwin and what has come to be called his "naturalization conundrum." If an invader is closely related to species in a ...
Research team uses melanin to make biodegradable battery anode
New models predict where E. coli strains will thrive
Bioengineers at the University of California, San Diego have used the genomic sequences of 55 E. coli strains to reconstruct the metabolic repertoire for each strain. Surprisingly, these reconstructions do an excellent job of ...
How bacteria respond so quickly to external changes
Understanding how bacteria adapt so quickly to changes in their external environment with continued high growth rates is one of the major research challenges in molecular microbiology. This is important not least for our ...
Researchers find misfolded proteins are capable of forming tree-like aggregates
A method by Rice University researchers to model the way proteins fold – and sometimes misfold – has revealed branching behavior that may have implications for Alzheimer's and other aggregation diseases.
Quality of biodiversity, not just quantity, is key
For years, scientists have believed that preserving more species, no matter which ones, is a key component to enhancing how well an ecosystem performs.
Study unlocks secret of how fruit flies choose fruit with just the right amount of ethanol
Circumstances are right for weed invasion to escalate, researchers say
Few agribusinesses or governments regulate the types of plants that farmers use in their pastures to feed their livestock, according to an international team of researchers that includes one plant scientist from Virginia ...
Researchers use cells to expand nature's repertoire
Using a cell's own internal machinery, Yale researchers have produced proteins not found in nature that can cause cancer in mice, they report Dec. 16 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
Program models more detailed evolutionary networks from genetic data
The tree has been an effective model of evolution for 150 years, but a Rice University computer scientist believes it's far too simple to illustrate the breadth of current knowledge.
Researchers solve nano mystery
A technique which may one day be used for tumor therapy and imaging could be greatly improved thanks to new insights obtained by scientists from the University of Twente, the Erasmus MC and the TU Delft.