Microbes engineered for the direct conversion of biomass to ethanol fuel
The promise of affordable transportation fuels from biomass—a sustainable, carbon neutral route to American energy independence—has been left perpetually on hold by the economics of the conversion process. ...
Algae biofuel can help meet world energy demand, researchers say
(Phys.org) —Microalgae-based biofuel not only has the potential to quench a sizable chunk of the world's energy demands, say Utah State University researchers. It's a potential game-changer.
From chaos to order: How ants optimize food search
Ants are capable of complex problem-solving strategies that could be widely applied as optimization techniques. An individual ant searching for food walks in random ways, biologists found. Yet the collective ...
Relaxation helps pack DNA into a virus
Researchers at the University of California, San Diego have found that DNA packs more easily into the tight confines of a virus when given a chance to relax, they report in a pair of papers to be published ...
Lizard species found to reduce head bobbing mating ritual when predators are around
Taste test: Could sense of taste affect length of life?
Perhaps one of the keys to good health isn't just what you eat but how you taste it. Taste buds – yes, the same ones you may blame for that sweet tooth or French fry craving – may in fact have a powerful ...
Researchers offer 'proof' that oxygen is the only light element in the Earth's core
Researchers find proof of global cooling after Chicxulub asteroid impact
Fossil palm beetles 'hindcast' 50-million-year-old winters
(Phys.org) —Fifty-million-year-old fossil beetles that fed only on palm seeds are giving Simon Fraser University biologists Bruce Archibald and Rolf Mathewes new information about ancient climates.
Conflict with communities a big cost to business, researchers find
(Phys.org) —Researchers at The University of Queensland (UQ), the Harvard Kennedy School, and Clark University have uncovered that conflict with communities is costing mining companies billions of dollars.
Infested tomatoes provide defensive weapons for healthy neighbors
History to blame for slow crop taming, study says
It's been about 10,000 years since our ancestors began farming, but crop domestication has taken much longer than expected – a delay caused less by genetics and more by culture and history, according to a new study co-authored ...
Simulations suggest global warming will increase strength of winds associated with AEWs
Decrease in large wildlife drives an increase in rodent-borne disease and risk to humans
Populations of large wildlife are declining around the world, while zoonotic diseases (those transmitted from animals to humans) are on the rise. A team of Smithsonian scientists and colleagues have discovered ...