Insect diet helped early humans build bigger brains, study suggests
(Phys.org) —Figuring out how to survive on a lean-season diet of hard-to-reach ants, slugs and other bugs may have spurred the development of bigger brains and higher-level cognitive functions in the ancestors ...
Anthropologists confirm link between cranial anatomy and two-legged walking
Anthropology researchers from The University of Texas at Austin have confirmed a direct link between upright two-legged (bipedal) walking and the position of the foramen magnum, a hole in the base of the ...
Origins of human teamwork found in chimpanzees
Teamwork has been fundamental in humanity's greatest achievements but scientists have found that working together has its evolutionary roots in our nearest primate relatives – chimpanzees.
Amazonian tribal warfare sheds light on modern violence, anthropologist says
(Phys.org)—In the tribal societies of the Amazon forest, violent conflict accounted for 30 percent of all deaths before contact with Europeans, according to a recent study by University of Missouri anthropologist ...
Orangutans harbor ancient primate Alu
Alu elements infiltrated the ancestral primate genome about 65 million years ago. Once gained an Alu element is rarely lost so comparison of Alu between species can be used to map primate evolution and diversity. New research ...
Bipedal humans came down from the trees, not up from the ground (w/ Video)
A detailed examination of the wrist bones of several primate species challenges the notion that humans evolved their two-legged upright walking style from a knuckle-walking ancestor.
Fossils indicate common ancestor for two primate groups
(Phys.org) —Palaeontologists working in Tanzania have discovered the oldest known fossils from two major primate groups—Old World monkeys, which include baboons and macaques, and apes, which include humans and chimpanzees. ...
New study traces the evolutionary history of what mammals eat
The feeding habits of mammals haven't always been what they are today, particularly for omnivores, finds a new study.
Study shows early primate had a transitional lemur-like grooming claw
Celebrities are channeling a distant relative with what Harper's Bazaar describes as the latest trend in nail fashion for 2012: claws. But this may not be the first time primates traded their nails for claws.
Early primate leaping set stage for human airtime
(Phys.org) —Over a puddle, up to the basket, off the high dive—we all take leaps from time to time.
New fossil primate suggests common Asian ancestor, challenges primates such as 'Ida'
According to new research published online in the Proceedings of the Royal Society B (Biological Sciences) on July 1, 2009, a new fossil primate from Myanmar (previously known as Burma) suggests that the co ...
Talk it over: Language, uniquely, makes us human
We humans tend to consider ourselves apart from other species. But we're not really so different. So what makes us unique? I'd say it's language, though not everyone would agree.
Ancient Lemurs Take Bite Out of Evolutionary Tree (w/ Video)
(PhysOrg.com) -- About 40 miles outside Cairo, Egypt, National Science Foundation-supported paleontologists from three American universities are revealing features of a newly discovered African primate and ...
Humans, Other Mammals Similarly Voice Frustrations
Pet owners and scientists who spend a lot of time in the wild say that they can tell when an animal is upset by the sound of its voice. Now new analyses of animal calls may offer an explanation; humans seem ...