Researchers unravel mysteries of spider silk
(Phys.org)—Scientists at Arizona State University are celebrating their recent success on the path to understanding what makes the fiber that spiders spin – weight for weight - at least five times as ...
Human Y chromosome much older than previously thought
(Phys.org) —University of Arizona geneticists have discovered the oldest known genetic branch of the human Y chromosome – the hereditary factor determining male sex.
Expedition uncovers subglacial life beneath Antarctic ice sheet
The first breakthrough paper to come out of a massive U.S. expedition to one of Earth's final frontiers shows that there's life and an active ecosystem one-half mile below the surface of the West Antarctic ...
SLAC scientists create twisted light
(Phys.org) —Scientists at SLAC have found a new method to create coherent beams of twisted light – light that spirals around a central axis as it travels. It has the potential to generate twisted light ...
Physicists find new order in quantum electronic material
Two Rutgers physics professors have proposed an explanation for a new type of order, or symmetry, in an exotic material made with uranium – a theory that may one day lead to enhanced computer displays and data storage systems ...
Searching for a twist in neutron spin axis, physicists find nothing—and that's something
(Phys.org) —Besides understanding how much dark matter and dark energy there is—about 95 percent of the universe—scientists also want to know more about what dark matter and dark energy are not, as ...
Soil's large carbon stores could be freed by increased CO2, plant growth
An increase in human-made carbon dioxide in the atmosphere could initiate a chain reaction between plants and microorganisms that would unsettle one of the largest carbon reservoirs on the planet—soil.
Researchers publish theory, formula to improve 'plastic' semiconductors
Anyone who's stuffed a smart phone in their back pocket would appreciate the convenience of electronic devices that could bend. Flexible electronics could spawn new products: clothing wired to cool or heat, ...
Silicon oxide memories transcend a hurdle
A Rice University laboratory pioneering memory devices that use cheap, plentiful silicon oxide to store data has pushed them a step further with chips that show the technology's practicality.
Swift, Chandra explore a youthful 'star wreck'
(Phys.org) —While performing an extensive X-ray survey of our galaxy's central regions, NASA's Swift satellite has uncovered the previously unknown remains of a shattered star. Designated G306.3.9 after ...
Plasmonics shows promise for optically induced graphene electronics
(Phys.org)—Rice University researchers are doping graphene with light in a way that could lead to the more efficient design and manufacture of electronics, as well as novel security and cryptography devices.
Armchair astronomers find planet in quadruple star system
(Phys.org)—A joint effort of citizen scientists and professional astronomers has led to the first reported case of a planet orbiting twin suns that in turn is orbited by a second distant pair of stars.
Genomics analysis demonstrates natural selection at work
(Phys.org)—A team of researchers at Michigan State University has documented the step-by-step process in which organisms evolve new functions.
True colors of some fossil feathers now in doubt (w/ Video)
(Phys.org) —Geological processes can affect evidence of the original colors of fossil feathers, according to new research by Yale University scientists, who said some previous reconstructions of fossil ...