New '4-D' transistor is preview of future computers
(Phys.org)—A new type of transistor shaped like a Christmas tree has arrived just in time for the holidays, but the prototype won't be nestled under the tree along with the other gifts.
Synchrotron gives insight into green energy enzymes
(Phys.org)—UC Davis chemists have been using a Japanese synchrotron to get a detailed look at enzymes that could help power the green economy. The work was published online Nov. 8 by the journal Angewandte Ch ...
Faster, safer method for producing stem cells
A new method for generating stem cells from mature cells promises to boost stem cell production in the laboratory, helping to remove a barrier to regenerative medicine therapies that would replace damaged ...
Songbirds adapt to new urban environs thanks to rapid genetic evolution
(Phys.org)—Indiana University researchers have found evidence that a species of songbird that recently colonized an urban environment exhibits less stress and bolder behavior as compared to counterparts ...
Garbage bug may help lower the cost of biofuel
One reason that biofuels are expensive to make is that the organisms used to ferment the biomass cannot make effective use of hemicellulose, the next most abundant cell wall component after cellulose. They convert only the ...
Family commitment blended with strong religion dampens civic participation, researcher finds
Blending religion with familism—a strong commitment to lifelong marriage and childbearing—dampens secular civic participation, according to research by a Baylor University sociologist.
How computational scientists are rethinking US elections, and making e-commerce smarter
Though voters may have tired of the U.S. election season well before November 6, there's some solace to be found in the fact that the voting itself typically lasts only a day.
Researchers unravel structure of 'Sputnik' virus, could have implications for treatment
(Phys.org)—An international team of researchers has determined key structural features of the Sputnik virus, thought to play a role in illnesses caused by eating raw fish.
In static friction, chemistry is key to stronger bonds
(Phys.org)—Inspired by phenomena common to both earthquakes and atomic force microscopy, University of Wisconsin–Madison materials engineers have learned that chemical reactions between two silicon dioxide surfaces cause ...
Word choices on political issues reveal ways of thinking
(Phys.org)—Communication and information science researches have developed a free online tool that offers a new way of looking at the news. "Reflext" provides a glimpse into how political events are being covered and discussed.
Armchair astronomers find planet in quadruple star system
(Phys.org)—A joint effort of citizen scientists and professional astronomers has led to the first reported case of a planet orbiting twin suns that in turn is orbited by a second distant pair of stars.
Researchers make Sudoku puzzles less puzzling
For anyone who has ever struggled while attempting to solve a Sudoku puzzle, University of Notre Dame researcher Zoltan Toroczkai and Notre Dame postdoctoral researcher Maria Ercsey-Ravaz are riding to the ...
Nearby super-Earth likely a diamond planet
(Phys.org)—New research led by Yale University scientists suggests that a rocky planet twice Earth's size orbiting a nearby star is a diamond planet.
Plasmonics shows promise for optically induced graphene electronics
(Phys.org)—Rice University researchers are doping graphene with light in a way that could lead to the more efficient design and manufacture of electronics, as well as novel security and cryptography devices.