Invisible helpers of the sea: Marine bacteria boost growth of tiny ocean algae
A glass of seawater is teeming with life, and recent research reveals more about what ocean water contains. Microscopic creatures in the world's oceans weigh more than all of the fish in the sea and produce ...
Study pinpoints genes that make plant stem cells, revealing origin of beefsteak tomatoes
A team of scientists at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL) has identified a set of genes that control stem cell production in tomato. Mutations in these genes explain the origin of mammoth beefsteak tomatoes. ...
US West's power grid must be prepared for impacts of climate change
Electricity generation and distribution infrastructure in the Western United States must be "climate-proofed" to diminish the risk of future power shortages, according to research by two Arizona State University ...
Findings reveal clues to functioning of mysterious 'mimivirus'
Researchers have discovered the structure of a key protein on the surface of an unusually large virus called the mimivirus, aiding efforts to determine its hosts and unknown functions.
Plant breeder boosts soybean diversity, develops soybean rust-resistant plant
It took decades of painstaking work, but research geneticist Ram Singh managed to cross a popular soybean variety ("Dwight" Glycine max) with a related wild perennial plant that grows like a weed in Austra ...
Researchers obtain precise estimates of the epigenetic mutation rate
University of Groningen scientists have obtained the first precise estimates of how often epigenetic marks that influence gene activity appear or disappear in the plant Arabidopsis thaliana, a model organi ...
Gene required for plant growth at warmer temperatures discovered
Researchers have discovered a new gene that enables plants to regulate their growth in different temperatures.
Tracking photosynthesis from space
Watching plants perform photosynthesis from space sounds like a futuristic proposal, but a new application of data from NASA's Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2) satellite may enable scientists to do just ...
Fungi enhances crop roots and could be a future 'bio-fertilizer'
New research has found that the interaction of roots with a common soil fungus changes the genetic expression of rice crops—triggering additional root growth that enables the plant to absorb more nutrients.
Cutting carbon dioxide saves 3,500 US lives a year, study finds
The Obama Administration's hotly debated plan to reduce heat-trapping carbon dioxide from the nation's power plants will save about 3,500 lives a year by cutting back on other types of pollution as well, a new independent ...
Pollen and clouds: April flowers bring May showers?
The main job of pollen is to help seed the next generation of trees and plants, but a new study from the University of Michigan and Texas A&M shows that the grains might also seed clouds.
Can photosynthesis be measured over large areas? Scientists find a way
A research team led by geoscientists from Brown University and the Marine Biological Laboratory has provided some crucial ground-truth for a method of measuring plant photosynthesis on a global scale from ...
Researchers find proteins responsible for orchid shape
Diabetes drug found in freshwater is a potential cause of intersex fish
A medication commonly taken for Type II diabetes, which is being found in freshwater systems worldwide, has been shown to cause intersex in fish -male fish that produce eggs.