Plant engineered for more efficient photosynthesis
(Phys.org) —A genetically engineered tobacco plant, developed with two genes from blue-green algae (cyanobacteria), holds promise for improving the yields of many food crops.
Genome could unlock eucalyptus potential for paper, fuel and fiber
From antiseptic oils to the construction of didgeridoos, the traditional Australian Aboriginal wind instrument, the eucalyptus tree serves myriad purposes, accounting for its status as one of the world's ...
Ferns borrowed genes to flourish in low light
During the age of the dinosaurs, the arrival of flowering plants as competitors could have spelled doom for the ancient fern lineage. Instead, ferns diversified and flourished under the new canopy—using ...
Pond-dwelling powerhouse's genome points to its biofuel potential
Duckweed is a tiny floating plant that's been known to drive people daffy. It's one of the smallest and fastest-growing flowering plants that often becomes a hard-to-control weed in ponds and small lakes. ...
How scavenging fungi became a plant's best friend
Glomeromycota is an ancient lineage of fungi that has a symbiotic relationship with roots that goes back nearly 420 million years to the earliest plants. More than two thirds of the world's plants depend ...
Big pest, small genome: Blueprint of spider mite may yield better pesticides
(PhysOrg.com)—An international research team decoded the genetic blueprint of the two-spotted spider mite, raising hope for new ways to attack the major pest, which resists pesticides and destroys crops ...
Jumping gene enabled key step in corn domestication
Corn split off from its closest relative teosinte, a wild Mexican grass, about 10,000 years ago thanks to the breeding efforts of early Mexican farmers. Today it's hard to tell that the two plants were ever close kin: Corn ...
With secondhand gene, 'freaky mouse' defeats common poison
Over millennia, mice have thrived despite humanity's efforts to keep them at bay. A Rice University scientist argues some mice have found two ways to achieve a single goal -- resistance to common poison.
Study reveals mechanisms of drought response in plants
UNL biologists have published a new study that lays bare several roots of how plants respond to drought.
Dual internal clocks keep plant defenses on schedule
Time management isn't just important for busy people—it's critical for plants, too. A Duke University study shows how two biological clocks work together to help plants deal with intermittent demands such as fungal infections, ...
Biologists find mistletoe species lacks genes found in all other complex organisms
Indiana University scientists have discovered the first known instance of a plant or animal lacking several key genes involved in energy production in cells.
Gene required for plant growth at warmer temperatures discovered
Researchers have discovered a new gene that enables plants to regulate their growth in different temperatures.
Save Our Spuds: Scientists find shield for potato blight
Scientists on Monday said they have found a gene to help protect potatoes from a blight that unleashed a devastating famine in Ireland in the 19th century.
New research discovers 4-stranded DNA-binding protein conserved in plants and animals
When it comes to plants and animals, sometimes the two are more alike than you'd think.