New computational approaches speed up the exploration of the universe
How many different molecules can be created when you release one of the universe's most reactive substances, hydrogen cyanide, in the lab? And will the process create some particularly interesting molecules?
New low-temperature chemical reaction explained
In all the centuries that humans have studied chemical reactions, just 36 basic types of reactions have been found. Now, thanks to the work of researchers at MIT and the University of Minnesota, a 37th type ...
Nanostructures made of DNA strands can encapsulate, release small-molecule drugs
Nanoscale "cages" made from strands of DNA can encapsulate small-molecule drugs and release them in response to a specific stimulus, McGill University researchers report in a new study.
Water found to be an ideal lubricant for nanomachines
Researchers from the University of Amsterdam have discovered that machines just one molecule in size move far quicker if you add a 'lubricant' to their surroundings. To their surprise, water proved to be ...
We may all be Martians: New research supports theory that life started on Mars
New evidence has emerged which supports the long-debated theory that life on Earth may have started on Mars.
Physicist finds that E. coli replicate close to thermodynamic limits of efficiency
All living things must obey the laws of physics—including the second law of thermodynamics, which states that the universe's disorder, or entropy, can only grow. Highly ordered cells and organisms appear ...
Success in development of novel chirality sensing technique enabling easy determination of optical purity
A research group from the National Institute for Materials Science, in joint work with Dr. Shinsuke Ishihara, who is a ICYS-MANA Fellow at the NIMS International Center for Young Scientists, and researchers ...
Miniature pump: Polymer gel continuously responds to fleeting stimuli
(Phys.org) —Miniaturization is constantly on the march. For example, we now have entire analytical and diagnostic systems that can take place on a chip. These systems require miniaturized versions of macroscopic ...
New steps in the quest to break the code of life
The deciphering of the human genome in 2000 was a major milestone in the history of science and a vital step towards the more complete understanding of human life.
Old permafrost carbon released
Using indicator molecules, a team of researchers headed by ETH Zurich demonstrates that carbon stored in the Arctic permafrost is being mobilised in Eurasian river basins.
One-of-a-kind spectrometer reads vibrations between atoms to find structures of molecules
A Rice University laboratory has improved upon its ability to determine molecular structures in three dimensions in ways that challenge long-used standards.
Small-molecule solar cells get 50% increase in efficiency with optical spacer
New catalyst dives into water to produce hydrogen
(Phys.org) —Few catalysts are energy efficient, highly active, stable, and operate in water, but a nickel-based catalyst designed at the Center for Molecular Electrocatalysis at Pacific Northwest National ...
Fluorescent organic nanoparticles outperform existing methods for long-term tracking of living cells
A research team in Asia has developed a method for tracking, or 'tracing', cells that overcomes the limitations of existing methods. The team's fluorescent organic tracers will provide researchers with a ...