First look at 'wasabi receptor' brings insights for pain drug development
In a feat that would have been unachievable only a few years ago, researchers at UC San Francisco have pulled aside the curtain on a protein informally known as the "wasabi receptor," revealing at near-atomic ...
Scientists uncover key cellular mechanism involved in neurodegeneration and herpes
A team of scientists have used Diamond to uncover vital new information about the transport mechanism that works within cells, distributing elements to different areas and thus supporting a range of different ...
Catalyst destroys common toxic nerve agents quickly
Northwestern University scientists have developed a robust new material, inspired by biological catalysts, that is extraordinarily effective at destroying toxic nerve agents that are a threat around the globe. First used ...
Protein mimic shows promise as tissue engineering glue
Researchers have demonstrated the potential of a "synthetic protein mimic" to promote the adhesion of brain cells in a laboratory setting. This feat could help overcome a major challenge in nerve tissue engineering.
Optical fibres light the way for brain-like computing
Computers that function like the human brain could soon become a reality thanks to new research using optical fibres made of speciality glass.
Silicon micro-funnels increase the efficiency of solar cells
The fovea centralis, or fovea for short, sits in the middle of the Macula lutea (or macula) of the retina, where the slender, funnel-like ocular cones are especially closely packed together. We see an image ...
Complex nerve-cell signaling traced back to common ancestor of humans and sea anemones
New research shows that a burst of evolutionary innovation in the genes responsible for electrical communication among nerve cells in our brains occurred over 600 million years ago in a common ancestor of ...
Coral snake venom reveals a unique route to lethality
For more than a decade, a vial of rare snake venom refused to give up its secret formula for lethality; its toxins had no effect on the proteins that most venoms target. Finally, an international team of ...
New mechanism of inheritance could advance study of evolution, disease treatment
For more than a century, scientists have understood the basics of inheritance: if good genes help parents survive and reproduce, the parents pass those genes along to their offspring. And yet, recent research ...
Estrogen-producing neurons influence aggression in both sexes
A miniscule cluster of estrogen-producing nerve cells in the mouse brain exerts highly specific effects on aggressive behavior in both males and females, according to new research by UC San Francisco scientists.
Do viruses make us smarter?
A new study from Lund University in Sweden indicates that inherited viruses that are millions of years old play an important role in building up the complex networks that characterise the human brain.
Bugs life: The nerve cells that make locusts 'gang up'
A team of biologists has identified a set of nerve cells in desert locusts that bring about 'gang-like' gregarious behaviour when they are forced into a crowd.
Neutron diffraction shows how myelin gets on your nerves
New research has shed light on the way in which our nerves conduct electrical signals around our bodies. The structure of myelin, the layer of insulating fat surrounding nerve cells of vertebrates, has now ...
Laser sniffs out toxic gases from afar
Scientists have developed a way to sniff out tiny amounts of toxic gases—a whiff of nerve gas, for example, or a hint of a chemical spill—from up to one kilometer away.