Researchers find retinal rods able to detect photon number distribution
The world's most stable laser also promises heightened test precision
(Phys.org)—The world's most stable laser – with frequency variation of no more than 2 parts in 10,000 trillion – has been developed and tested by an international collaboration of scientists at NIST/JILA ...
'Nano machine shop' shapes nanowires, ultrathin films
(Phys.org)—A new "nano machine shop" that shapes nanowires and ultrathin films could represent a future manufacturing method for tiny structures with potentially revolutionary properties.
Scientists shed light on glowing materials
Researchers at King's College London, in collaboration with European research institutes ICFO (Barcelona) and AMOLF (Amsterdam), have succeeded in mapping how light behaves in complex photonic materials inspired by nature, ...
Nano, photonic research gets boost from new 3-D visualization technology
For the first time X-ray scientists have combined high-resolution imaging with 3-D viewing of the surface layer of material using X-ray vision in a way that does not damage the sample.
Researchers make optical fibers from common materials
Clemson researchers are taking common materials to uncommon places by transforming easily obtainable and affordable materials into fiber. Their findings are published in Nature Photonics, the world's top jo ...
World's most powerful X-ray laser beam refined to scalpel precision
With a thin sliver of diamond, scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory have transformed the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) into an even more precise tool ...
Single-photon transmitter could enable new quantum devices
In theory, quantum computers should be able to perform certain kinds of complex calculations much faster than conventional computers, and quantum-based communication could be invulnerable to eavesdropping. ...
Printed photonic crystal mirrors shrink on-chip lasers down to size
(Phys.org) -- Electrical engineers at The University of Texas at Arlington and at the University of Wisconsin-Madison have devised a new laser for on-chip optical connections that could give computers a huge ...
Ultralow-power optical information processing and frequency generation in graphene-silicon photonic circuits
New research by Columbia Engineering demonstrates remarkable optical nonlinear behavior of graphene that may lead to broad applications in optical interconnects and low-power photonic integrated circuits. ...
SACLA draws acclaim for unique XFEL design
A detailed technical introduction to the SPring-8 Angstrom Compact free-electron Laser (SACLA) appeared online in Nature Photonics.
Folding light: Wrinkles and twists boost power from solar panels
Taking their cue from the humble leaf, researchers have used microscopic folds on the surface of photovoltaic material to significantly increase the power output of flexible, low-cost solar cells.
Improving on the amazing: Scientists seek new conductors for metamaterials
(Phys.org) -- Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energys Ames Laboratory have designed a method to evaluate different conductors for use in metamaterial structures, which are engineered to exhibit ...
Quantum internet: Physicists build first elementary quantum network
(Phys.org) -- A team of scientists at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics realizes a first elementary quantum network based on interfaces between single atoms and photons.