234 cattle genomes sequenced in Phase I of 1000 bull genomes project
More than just a hill of beans: Phaseolus genome lends insights into nitrogen fixation
The US Department of Energy Office of Science has targeted research into the common bean because of its importance in enhancing nitrogen use efficiency for bioenergy crops sustainability, and for increasing ...
Researchers reverse a liver disorder in mice by correcting a mutated gene
Using a new gene-editing system based on bacterial proteins, MIT researchers have cured mice of a rare liver disorder caused by a single genetic mutation.
Sexual reproduction only second choice for powdery mildew
Powdery mildew is one of the most dreaded plant diseases: The parasitic fungus afflicts crops such as wheat and barley and is responsible for large harvest shortfalls every year. Beat Keller and Thomas Wicker, ...
Endangered lemurs' complete genomes sequenced, analyzed for conservation efforts
For the first time, the complete genomes of three separate populations of aye-ayes—a type of lemur—have been sequenced and analyzed in an effort to help guide conservation efforts. The results of the ...
Cell circuits remember their history: Engineers design new synthetic biology circuits that combine memory and logic
MIT engineers have created genetic circuits in bacterial cells that not only perform logic functions, but also remember the results, which are encoded in the cell's DNA and passed on for dozens of generations.
Plant geneticists demonstrate new means of boosting maize yields
A team of plant geneticists at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL) has successfully demonstrated what it describes as a "simple hypothesis" for making significant increases in yields for the maize plant.
Study finds new way in which plants control flower production
The timing of flowering in plants is critical. It can have profound effects on flower, fruit, and seed production, and consequently agricultural yields. This process is known to depend on daylight and temperature ...
DNA of 'Evolution Canyon' fruit flies reveals drivers of evolutionary change
Scientists have long puzzled over the genetic differences between fruit flies that live hardly a puddle jump apart in a natural environment known as "Evolution Canyon" in Mount Carmel, Israel.
Boron tolerance discovery for higher wheat yields
Australian scientists have identified the genes in wheat that control tolerance to a significant yield-limiting soil condition found around the globe – boron toxicity.
Scientists unravel the genetic secrets of nature's master of mimicry
Scientists investigating how one of the greatest shape shifters in the natural world is able to trick predators to avoid being eaten have identified the gene behind the fascinating feat.
Rapid evolution of novel forms: Environmental change triggers inborn capacity for adaptation
In the classical view of evolution, species experience spontaneous genetic mutations that produce various novel traits—some helpful, some detrimental. Nature then selects for those most beneficial, passing ...
Environment drives genetics in 'Evolution Canyon'
Interplay between genes and the environment has been pondered at least since the phrase "nature versus nurture" was coined in the mid-1800s. But until the arrival of modern genomic sequencing tools, it was hard to measure ...
Evolution of new species requires few genetic changes
Only a few genetic changes are needed to spur the evolution of new species—even if the original populations are still in contact and exchanging genes. Once started, however, evolutionary divergence evolves ...