### The utility of mathematical models in evolutionary biology

Despite their important role as "proof-of-concept" tests in evolutionary research, mathematical models are commonly misunderstood in the biology research community.

Despite their important role as "proof-of-concept" tests in evolutionary research, mathematical models are commonly misunderstood in the biology research community.

Dec 10, 2014
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Evolution

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Taking inspiration from nature, researchers have created a versatile model to predict how stalagmite-like structures form in nuclear processing plants – as well as how lime scale builds up in kettles.

Dec 04, 2014
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Energy & Green Tech

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What motivates people to cooperate in collaborative endeavors? "First carrot, then stick". Tatsuya Sasaki, mathematician from the University of Vienna, has put forth for the first time ever a mathematical ...

Dec 03, 2014
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Mathematics

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A Curtin University engineering team has used a mathematical formula to help develop a system which could minimise down time and save on maintenance costs for desalination plants.

Dec 03, 2014
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Engineering

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(Phys.org)—In the ongoing effort to make communications secure, Quantum Key Distribution (QKD) theoretically provides a solution – but to the delight of increasingly sophisticated hackers, falls short ...

Walter and Eliza Hall Institute researchers have defined for the first time how the size of the immune response is controlled, using mathematical models to predict how powerfully immune cells respond to infection ...

Nov 27, 2014
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Mathematics

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When numbers of any sort are presented in mathematics, science, business, government or finance, it's fair to say a reader assumes that the data are reasonably reliable to their last digit.

Nov 27, 2014
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Economics & Business

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Dividing bills, credit and material items between two people is a fairly simple and straightforward task.

Nov 25, 2014
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Software

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Environmental scientists are using a new mathematical model to ensure that feral pests are well and truly beaten.

Nov 25, 2014
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Ecology

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Last year, University of Pennsylvania researchers Alexander J. Stewart and Joshua B. Plotkin published a mathematical explanation for why cooperation and generosity have evolved in nature. Using the classical game theory ...

Nov 24, 2014
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Evolution

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(Phys.org) —Normally, the strength of a magnetic field increases as you get closer to a magnet and decreases as you move further away—a concept easily understood when placing magnets near a refrigerator, ...

Ask people what they know about the frontiers of mathematics research, and the response is usually some variation on: "What is there to research about math?"

Nov 17, 2014
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Mathematics

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From a mechanical perspective, granular materials are stuck between a rock and a fluid place, with behavior resembling neither a solid nor a liquid. Think of sand through an hourglass: As grains funnel through, ...

Nov 17, 2014
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General Physics

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Alexander Grothendieck, one of the great eccentric geniuses of 20th century mathematics, has died in France at the age of 86.

Nov 14, 2014
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Mathematics

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In an unexpected mashup of financial and mechanical engineering, researchers have discovered that the same modeling used to forecast fluctuations in the stock market can be used to predict aspects of animal ...

Nov 12, 2014
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Plants & Animals

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