American mathematicians Nash, Nirenberg win Abel math prize
American mathematicians John F. Nash Jr. and Louis Nirenberg have won this year's Abel Prize in mathematics.
Nanostructure complex materials modeling
Materials with chemical, optical, and electronic properties driven by structures measuring billionths of a meter could lead to improved energy technologies—from more efficient solar cells to longer-lasting ...
Global water use may outstrip supply by mid-century
Population growth could cause global demand for water to outpace supply by mid-century if current levels of consumption continue. But it wouldn't be the first time this has happened, a Duke University study finds.
A duel between mathematical models supports the reigning theory of the genetics of altruism
It isn't that often that a scientific controversy is featured in the New Yorker, but in 2012 an article titled "Kin and Kind" describing a tempest over a biological theory appeared in its pages. ...
Study shows orangutans use their hands to make their voices deeper
Wind farms perform best when the sun is out
When set up in groups, wind turbines in the front rows cast a wind shadow on those behind them, lowering their performance. These effects dissipate fastest under convective conditions, say EPFL researchers ...
Researcher builds four-dimensional figure in his office
The curious child of bookish parents who browses through their libraries sometimes falls down a rabbit hole while apparently reading quietly in an armchair.
When it comes to nuclear disaster, safety really is in numbers
The safety of nuclear plants, as well as the medical management of acute radiation syndrome, could soon be dramatically improved thanks to a new mathematical equation developed by Japan's Nuclear Safety Research Centre.
Math model helps explain how conformity works
To stop the machines taking over we need to think about fuzzy logic
Amid all the dire warnings that machines run by artificial intelligence (AI) will one day take over from humans we need to think more about how we program them in the first place.
Mathematicians model fluids at the mesoscale
When it comes to boiling water—or the phenomenon of applying heat to a liquid until it transitions to a gas—is there anything left for today's scientists to study? The surprising answer is, yes, quite ...
The building blocks of the future defy logic
Wake up in the morning and stretch; your midsection narrows. Pull on a piece of plastic at separate ends; it becomes thinner. So does a rubber band. One might assume that when a force is applied along an ...
We could all be worse off because of price comparison websites
The existence of price comparison websites may be bad for consumers, research by the University of Warwick's Department of Economics has found.
Quantum many-body systems on the way back to equilibrium
Considering that one cubic centimetre of matter already contains about 1019 to 1023 particles, it is hard to imagine that physicists nowadays can prepare ensembles comprising only some hundred, or even just ...