To stop the machines taking over we need to think about fuzzy logic
Amid all the dire warnings that machines run by artificial intelligence (AI) will one day take over from humans we need to think more about how we program them in the first place.
Mathematicians model fluids at the mesoscale
When it comes to boiling water—or the phenomenon of applying heat to a liquid until it transitions to a gas—is there anything left for today's scientists to study? The surprising answer is, yes, quite ...
The building blocks of the future defy logic
Wake up in the morning and stretch; your midsection narrows. Pull on a piece of plastic at separate ends; it becomes thinner. So does a rubber band. One might assume that when a force is applied along an ...
We could all be worse off because of price comparison websites
The existence of price comparison websites may be bad for consumers, research by the University of Warwick's Department of Economics has found.
Quantum many-body systems on the way back to equilibrium
Considering that one cubic centimetre of matter already contains about 1019 to 1023 particles, it is hard to imagine that physicists nowadays can prepare ensembles comprising only some hundred, or even just ...
Minimizing 'false positives' key to vaccinating against bovine TB
New diagnostic tests are needed to make vaccination against bovine tuberculosis (bovine TB) viable and the number of false positives from these tests must be below 15 out of every 10,000 cattle tested, according ...
Mathematics student visits all S-Bahn stations in Berlin by fastest route
Mathematics student Loes Knoben recently managed to visit all S-Bahn stations in Berlin in the fastest way possible, namely in 15 hours and 4 minutes, a new record. In order to achieve this, she programmed ...
Advances in medical imaging applied to airborne remote sensing of vegetation
Recent advances in medical imaging are being applied to airborne remote sensing of vegetation, enabling conservation scientists to see the wood and the trees.
Optimized application of high intensity focused ultrasound
The field of nonlinear acoustics is currently receiving a lot of attention, thanks to applications focused on the improvement of ultrasonic cleaning, ultrasonic welding, sonochemistry, or thermotherapy. Lithotripsy – the ...
Maths proves human language has happiness bias
New mathematics research has shown humans all around the world tend to be more positive than negative in their language.
Wrinkle predictions: New mathematical theory may explain patterns in fingerprints, raisins, and microlenses
As a grape slowly dries and shrivels, its surface creases, ultimately taking on the wrinkled form of a raisin. Similar patterns can be found on the surfaces of other dried materials, as well as in human fingerprints. ...
Students most effectively learn math working on problems that they enjoy, not drills or exercises
Students learn math best when they approach the subject as something they enjoy, according to a Stanford education expert. Speed pressure, timed testing and blind memorization pose high hurdles in the youthful ...
Software teaches computers to translate words to math
If Johnny has five apples and seven oranges, and he wants to share them with three of his friends, can a computer understand the text to figure out how many pieces of fruit each person gets?
More reliable software thanks to mathematical demonstrations
It is possible to test computer programs using tools borrowed from mathematicians and their famous demonstrations. A team from the EPFL is exploring new territory in this area.