The utility of mathematical models in evolutionary biology
Despite their important role as "proof-of-concept" tests in evolutionary research, mathematical models are commonly misunderstood in the biology research community.
Granular model explains unusual behavior in sand
From a mechanical perspective, granular materials are stuck between a rock and a fluid place, with behavior resembling neither a solid nor a liquid. Think of sand through an hourglass: As grains funnel through, ...
A numbers game: Math helps to predict how the body fights disease
Walter and Eliza Hall Institute researchers have defined for the first time how the size of the immune response is controlled, using mathematical models to predict how powerfully immune cells respond to infection ...
Researchers use math and observation to show neural networks in crustaceans have evolved to offer optimized swimming
Math explains history: Simulation accurately captures the evolution of ancient complex societies
The question of how human societies evolve from small groups to the huge, anonymous and complex societies of today has been answered mathematically, accurately matching the historical record on the emergence ...
Uncovering complex network structures in nature
The global spread of Ebola is due to the complex interactions between individuals, societies, and transportation and trade networks. Understanding and building appropriate statistical and mathematical models ...
Math model suggests fishing out older members may destroy collective fish school memory
Neanderthals and humans had 'ample time' to mix
Humans and Neanderthals may have coexisted in Europe for more than 5,000 years, providing ample time for the two species to meet and mix, according to new research.
New cyber-attack model helps hackers time the next Stuxnet
Of the many tricks used by the world's greatest military strategists, one usually works well – taking the enemy by surprise. It is an approach that goes back to the horse that brought down Troy. But surprise ...
Math model reveals insight into how first life forms were 'born'
An international team of physicists have revealed insights into how the very first life-forms made the jump from the non-living to the living world, by mathematically modelling biological states using energy waves called ...
Physicists suggest electrical networks more at risk of cascading failure than thought
Researchers build model that may explain how plate tectonics got its start
Research could improve nuclear power plant safety – and stop your kettle furring up
Taking inspiration from nature, researchers have created a versatile model to predict how stalagmite-like structures form in nuclear processing plants – as well as how lime scale builds up in kettles.