Granular model explains unusual behavior in sand
From a mechanical perspective, granular materials are stuck between a rock and a fluid place, with behavior resembling neither a solid nor a liquid. Think of sand through an hourglass: As grains funnel through, ...
Researchers use math and observation to show neural networks in crustaceans have evolved to offer optimized swimming
Neanderthals and humans had 'ample time' to mix
Humans and Neanderthals may have coexisted in Europe for more than 5,000 years, providing ample time for the two species to meet and mix, according to new research.
Researchers build model that may explain how plate tectonics got its start
Math model suggests fishing out older members may destroy collective fish school memory
New cyber-attack model helps hackers time the next Stuxnet
Of the many tricks used by the world's greatest military strategists, one usually works well – taking the enemy by surprise. It is an approach that goes back to the horse that brought down Troy. But surprise ...
3D printing used as a tool to explain theoretical physics
Students may soon be able to reach out and touch some of the theoretical concepts they are taught in their physics classes thanks to a novel idea devised by a group of researchers from Imperial College London.
Math explains history: Simulation accurately captures the evolution of ancient complex societies
The question of how human societies evolve from small groups to the huge, anonymous and complex societies of today has been answered mathematically, accurately matching the historical record on the emergence ...
Physicists suggest electrical networks more at risk of cascading failure than thought
New phenomenon could lead to novel types of lasers and sensors
There are several ways to "trap" a beam of light—usually with mirrors, other reflective surfaces, or high-tech materials such as photonic crystals. But now researchers at MIT have discovered a new method ...
Simulations show early farming might have caught on due to development of property rights
Physicists create nanoscale spinning magnetic droplets
Researchers have successfully created a magnetic soliton – a nano-sized, spinning droplet that was first theorized 35 years ago. These solitons have implications for the creation of magnetic, spin-based computers.
Math model reveals insight into how first life forms were 'born'
An international team of physicists have revealed insights into how the very first life-forms made the jump from the non-living to the living world, by mathematically modelling biological states using energy waves called ...
From the depths of a microscopic world, spontaneous cooperation
Maybe it's not such a dog-eat-dog world after all. A clever combination of two different types of computer simulations enabled a group of Illinois researchers to uncover an unexpectedly cooperative group ...