Toward ultimate light efficiency on the cheap
(Phys.org) —Researchers at the University of Michigan have taken a major stride toward perfectly efficient lighting that is also relatively inexpensive and simple to make. The same material can also reveal ...
Japanese gold leaf artists worked on a nanoscale
Ancient Japanese gold leaf artists were truly masters of their craft. An analysis of six ancient Namban paper screens show that these artifacts are gilded with gold leaf that was hand-beaten to the nanometer ...
Inspired by nature, researchers create tougher metal materials
(Phys.org) —Drawing inspiration from the structure of bones and bamboo, researchers have found that by gradually changing the internal structure of metals they can make stronger, tougher materials that ...
Engineers envision an electronic switch just three atoms thick
Do not fold, spindle or mutilate. Those instructions were once printed on punch cards that fed data to mainframe computers. Today's smart phones process more data, but they still weren't built for being shoved ...
Iowa State engineers turn LEGO bricks into a scientific tool to study plant growth
Ludovico Cademartiri had what seemed like an impossibly demanding list of requirements for his lab equipment.
Discovery of pure organic substances exhibiting the quantum spin liquid state
Researchers at the University of Tokyo and Japan's National Institute for Materials Science have discovered pure organic substances exhibiting the quantum spin liquid state.
Seeking the ability to design, control and build new materials at the level of individual atoms
The ability to design, control and build new materials at the level of individual atoms could open up a whole new world of electronic devices.
Researchers develop method to measure positions of atomic sites with new precision
(Phys.org) —Using a state-of-the-art microscope and new methods in image processing, a multi-institutional team of researchers has devised an inventive way to measure the positions of single atomic sites in materials more ...
Steel's inner strength
(Phys.org) —A long-term collaboration between the University and industry has resulted in a super-strong form of steel, which is now being manufactured in the UK for use as stronger and cheaper armour for ...
Designing ion 'highway systems' for batteries
Since the early 1970s, lithium has been the most popular element for batteries: it's the lightest of all metals and has the greatest electrochemical potential.
Researchers develop three-step process for building fractal nanostructures
Fancy Erector Set? Nope. The elaborate fractal structure shown at right (with a close-up below) is many, many times smaller than that and is certainly not child's play. It is the latest example of what Julia ...
Slip knot key to creating world's toughest fiber
(Phys.org) —A new way of making super tough fibres could be realised by a simple knot, according to new research from a materials scientist at Queen Mary University of London.
Transistors that wrap around tissues: New implanted devices may reshape medicine
(Phys.org) —Researchers from The University of Texas at Dallas and the University of Tokyo have created electronic devices that become soft when implanted inside the body and can deploy to grip 3-D objects, ...
Measuring vegetation status by photography
Quick and efficient measurement to assess vegetation in natural ecosystems around Australia is being made possible by a University of Adelaide research project combining computer vision and environmental science.