X-ray laser probes tiny quantum tornadoes in superfluid droplets
An experiment at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory revealed a well-organized 3-D grid of quantum "tornadoes" inside microscopic droplets of supercooled liquid helium – the ...
Discovery of pure organic substances exhibiting the quantum spin liquid state
Researchers at the University of Tokyo and Japan's National Institute for Materials Science have discovered pure organic substances exhibiting the quantum spin liquid state.
Designing ion 'highway systems' for batteries
Since the early 1970s, lithium has been the most popular element for batteries: it's the lightest of all metals and has the greatest electrochemical potential.
The role of synthetic biology in conversion of natural gas into clean fuel
(Phys.org) —Rice University synthetic biologist Ramon Gonzalez sees a future – a near future, in fact – in which Americans get enough clean transportation fuel from natural gas to help make the nation energy independent.
Magnetic fields are crucial to exomoon habitability
Astronomers believe that hidden deep within the wealth of data collected by NASA's Kepler mission are minuscule signatures confirming the presence of exomoons. With such a promising discovery on the horizon, ...
Understanding a new kind of magnetism
Using low-frequency laser pulses, a team of researchers has carried out the first measurements that reveal the detailed characteristics of a unique kind of magnetism found in a mineral called herbertsmithite.
Simulation shows colloids can form into non-crystalline state at below freezing temperatures
Gravitational tide the secret of Saturn's weird moon
Enceladus, a white moon of Saturn with ice-spewing volcanoes, owes its strangeness to tides of gravitational forces exerted by its mother, a study in Nature said on Wednesday.
Study provides a new framework for understanding the energetics of ionic liquids
– A new study by researchers at UC Santa Barbara provides clues into the understanding of the behavior of the charged molecules or particles in ionic liquids. The new framework may lead to the creation ...
Study provides better understanding of water's freezing behavior at nanoscale
The results of a new study led by George Washington University Professor Tianshu Li provide direct computational evidence that nucleation of ice in small droplets is strongly size-dependent, an important conclusion ...
Intriguing state of matter previously predicted in graphene-like materials might not exist after all
Virtually every material undergoes atomic-level ordering when cooled to temperatures approaching absolute zero. Liquid water, for example, is frozen into atomically ordered crystalline ice. However, condensed ...
Silicone liquid crystal stiffens with repeated compression
(Phys.org) —Squeeze a piece of silicone and it quickly returns to its original shape, as squishy as ever. But scientists at Rice University have discovered that the liquid crystal phase of silicone becomes ...
Researchers seeking to redefine difference between solids and liquids
Team discovers adaptations to explain strategies for survival on Mars
Research from the University of Maryland School of Medicine has revealed key features in proteins needed for life to function on Mars and other extreme environments.