Global survey of urban birds and plants find more diversity than expected
The largest analysis to date of the effect of urbanization on bird and plant species diversity worldwide confirms that while human influences such as land cover are more important drivers of species diversity ...
New study shows OPR protein function is important for efficient photosynthesis
Green algae and higher plants both harbor specialized cell organelles – the chloroplasts – in which photosynthesis takes place. This process allows these organisms to utilize energy from sunlight to power ...
Fossils offer new clues into Native American's 'journey' and how they survived the last Ice Age
Researchers have discovered how Native Americans may have survived the last Ice Age after splitting from their Asian relatives 25,000 years ago.
Marine algae can sense the rainbow
A new study published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences has shown for the first time that several types of aquatic algae can detect orange, green and blue light.
Major study investigates human impacts on tropics
Human impacts on the forests of the tropics are causing irreversible changes to these ecosystems yet the effects of these changes are poorly understood.
Solving the bottleneck in biogas production
Agro-biogas plants produce renewable energy, extracting gas produced in the anaerobic fermentation of animal manures mixed with organic wastes from the food sector. One by-product of this fermentation process ...
New role for protein family could provide path to how crop traits are modified
Pioneering new research from a team of Indiana University Bloomington biologists has shown for the first time that a protein which has been long known to be critical for the initiation of protein synthesis ...
New cell component important to tea and wine-making
Scientists have discovered where plants build tannins, complex chemicals used by plants for defence and protection. The source is the tannosome, a newly discovered organelle that is found in most land plants.
Biologists discover highly complex communication system in aquatic cyanobacteria
Land plants can "see," but can microscopic plants see better? New research from Indiana University has uncovered a give-and-take communication system between and within photoreceptors in freshwater-dwelling ...
Improving crop yields in a world of extreme weather events
Farmers in the United States witnessed record-breaking extremes in temperature and drought during the last two summers, causing worldwide increases in the costs of food, feed and fiber. Indeed, many climate ...
Could gamification enhance biodiversity decision making tools?
Decision making tools used for policy could benefit from adding features inspired from video games to entice more people to use them. But will they still be credible to policy makers?
Researchers look into the future to weed out problem plants
(Phys.org) —Researchers from Macquarie University and the University of Canberra have developed an assessment scheme that allows them to look into the future to see which exotic plants might become tomorrow's ...
The intensity of land use doubled in the 20th century
The growth of green plants – which can be measured in terms of "net primary production", or NPP for short – provides the energetic foundation for all life on earth. The share of NPP appropriated by humans (HANPP) through ...
Forest and soil carbon is important but does not offset fossil fuel emissions
Leading world climate change experts have thrown cold water on the idea that planting trees can offset carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuels.