The Y chromosome, that little chain of genes that determines the sex of humans, is not as tough as you might think. In fact, if we look at the Y chromosome over the course of our evolution we've seen it shrink at an alarming ...
Researchers from the University of Leeds, UK, the Charite University Medical School and the Max Delbruck Centre for Molecular Medicine (MDC) in Berlin, Germany, have discovered a new driving force behind cancer growth.
Scientists have taken a step forward in helping to solve one of life's greatest mysteries – what makes us human?
(PhysOrg.com) -- University College London scientists have discovered that stretches of human DNA act as a traitor to the body?s defences by helping viruses infect people and trigger cancer-causing diseases.
Carnivorous bladderwort genome contradicts notion that vast quantities of noncoding DNA crucial for complex life
Genes make up about 2 percent of the human genome. The rest consists of a genetic material known as noncoding DNA, and scientists have spent years puzzling over why this material exists in such voluminous quantities.
A team of researchers, led by University of Kentucky ophthalmologist Dr. Jayakrishna Ambati, has discovered a molecular mechanism implicated in geographic atrophy, the major cause of untreatable blindness in the industrialized ...
Research findings from the University of North Carolina School of Medicine are shining a light on an important regulatory role performed by the so-called dark matter, or "junk DNA," within each of our genes.
Scientists have identified how a protein enables sections of so-called junk DNA to be cut and pasted within genetic code - a finding which could speed development of gene therapies.
Spinal Muscular Atrophy is the second-leading cause of infant mortality in the world.
A new UC San Francisco study highlights the potential importance of the vast majority of human DNA that lies outside of genes within the cell.