Archeologists believe they have found the oldest example of tool use
Why we have chins: Researchers contend chin comes from evolution, not mechanical forces
Look at a primate or a Neanderthal skull and compare it with a modern human's. Notice anything missing?
Computers that mimic the function of the brain
Researchers are always searching for improved technologies, but the most efficient computer possible already exists. It can learn and adapt without needing to be programmed or updated. It has nearly limitless ...
Pulling the strings of our genetic puppetmasters: Engineers gain control of gene activity
Duke researchers have developed a new method to precisely control when genes are turned on and active.
Altamura Man yields oldest Neanderthal DNA sample
DNA can't explain all inherited biological traits, research shows
Characteristics passed between generations are not decided solely by DNA, but can be brought about by other material in cells, new research shows.
From sticks to stones—getting a grip on the human genus
2015 has already been an amazing year for human evolution science.
How RNA machinery navigates our genomic obstacle course
Once upon a time, scientists thought RNA polymerase—the molecule that kicks off protein synthesis by transcribing DNA into RNA—worked like a wind-up toy: Set it down at a start site in our DNA and it ...
Deciphering the demise of Neandertals
Researchers from the University of Bologna, Italy, and the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, Germany, analysed two deciduous teeth from the prehistoric sites of Grotta di Fumane ...
Biodiversity promotes multitasking in ecosystems
A new study of the complex interplay between organisms and their environment shows that biodiversity—the variety of organisms living on Earth—is even more important to the healthy functioning of ecosystems ...
Anthropologist explores warfare as a form of cooperation
While many view warfare as a breakdown between societies, Arizona State University anthropologist Sarah Mathew views it as an outgrowth of cooperation.
Mt. Everest biogas digester project aims to treat human waste
Proteins for anxiety in humans and moulting in insects have common origin
Neuropeptides are small proteins in the brains of all animals that bind to receptor proteins and cause activity in cells. The researchers at Queen Mary University of London, led by Professor Maurice Elphick, ...
Viral proteins may regulate human embryonic development
A fertilized human egg may seem like the ultimate blank slate. But within days of fertilization, the growing mass of cells activates not only human genes but also viral DNA lingering in the human genome from ...