NASA researchers studying advanced nuclear rocket technologies
(Phys.org)—Advanced propulsion researchers at NASA are a step closer to solving the challenge of safely sending human explorers to Mars and other solar system destinations.
Climate tug of war disrupting Australian atmospheric circulation patterns
(Phys.org) —The study, in the Nature journal Scientific Reports, demonstrates that mid-latitude high pressure zones (30 S-45 S) are being pushed further into the Southern Ocean by rising global temperatures associ ...
China to send orbiter to moon and back
China will launch its first recoverable moon orbiter later this year, the government announced, in the latest step in its ambitious space programme.
Study finds growing evidence of global warming threat to future food supplies
(Phys.org)—Increasingly hot summer weather could cause a fall in crop yields over the next two decades unless farming techniques are improved more quickly, scientists at the University have found.
High-temperature plasmonics eyed for solar, computer innovation
(Phys.org) —New "plasmonic metamaterials" that operate at high temperatures could radically improve solar cell performance and bring advanced computer data storage technology that uses heat to record information ...
Laser empties atoms from the inside out
An international team of plasma physicists has used one of the world's most powerful lasers to create highly unusual plasma composed of hollow atoms.
Beyond quantum simulation: Physicists create 'crystal' of spin-swapping ultracold molecules
Physicists at JILA have created a crystal-like arrangement of ultracold gas molecules that can swap quantum "spin" properties with nearby and distant partners. The novel structure might be used to simulate ...
A superconductor-surrogate earns its stripes
(Phys.org) —Understanding superconductivity – whereby certain materials can conduct electricity without any loss of energy – has proved to be one of the most persistent problems in modern physics. Scientists ...
100-megapixel camera developed
A Chinese institute has successfully developed a camera featuring a 100-megapixel charge-coupled device (CCD) chip, the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) announced on Wednesday.
Ancient red dye powers new 'green' battery
Rose madder – a natural plant dye once prized throughout the Old World to make fiery red textiles – has found a second life as the basis for a new "green" battery.
Opposing phenomena possible key to high-efficiency electricity delivery
The coexistence of two opposing phenomena might be the secret to understanding the enduring mystery in physics of how materials heralded as the future of powering our homes and communities actually work, ...
Evidence of Viking/Norse metalworking in Arctic Canada
A small stone container found by archaeologists a half-century ago has now been recognized as further evidence of a Viking or Medieval Norse presence in Arctic Canada during the centuries around 1000 A.D.
Scientists develop new materials for board-level photonics
Today at the Photonics West conference, Dow Corning and IBM scientists unveiled a major step in photonics, using a new type of polymer material to transmit light instead of electrical signals within supercomputers ...
Insights into the stages of high-temperature superconductivity
Researchers at Tokyo Institute of Technology uncover the complexities of quantum phase fluctuations during the superconductor-insulator transition in high-temperature superconductors.