Scientists capture crystallization of materials in nanoseconds
(Phys.org) —Lawrence Livermore researchers for the first time have created movies of irreversible reactions that occur too rapidly to capture with conventional microscopy.
Self-cooling observed in graphene electronics
With the first observation of thermoelectric effects at graphene contacts, University of Illinois researchers found that graphene transistors have a nanoscale cooling effect that reduces their temperature.
Evolutionary capacity of many fruit fly species will lag behind pace of climate change, researchers say
(Phys.org)—Many species of fruit fly lack the ability to adapt effectively to predicted increases in global temperatures and may face extinction in the near future, according to new research.
How do corals survive in the hottest reefs on the planet?
Coral reefs are predicted to decline under the pressure of global warming. However, a number of coral species can survive at seawater temperatures even higher than predicted for the tropics during the next ...
New DNA cattle test beefs up dairy and meat quality
(Phys.org) —A genomics technique developed at Cornell to improve corn can now be used to improve the quality of milk and meat, according to research published online May 17 in the journal PLOS ONE.
Engineered beans show promise for Africa
Slender green beans air-freighted from Kenya to markets in Western Europe are a profitable crop for high-altitude farms across sub-Saharan Africa. Breeding efforts at Cornell could help their lower altitude ...
Lattice location determination of trace nitrogen dopants in semiconductor silicon carbide (SiC)
AIST researchers have developed an instrument for X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) spectroscopy equipped with a superconducting detector. With the instrument, the researchers have realized, for the ...
Researchers find high performance transistors on polymer superior to silicon
Researcher at the National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST) have developed technologies for transferring compound semiconductors using a polymer as a bonding adhesive and for ...
Development of coating technique by high speed particles with velocity of 1,000m/s
Coating (formation of a film on a material) is an extremely important technology for modern industry, as it dramatically improves the heat resistance, corrosion resistance, and wear resistance of materials, essentially creating ...
Development of Euglena-based bioplastics
Researchers from AIST have developed microalga-based bioplastics mainly from constituents extracted from Euglena, a species of microalga.
Heat-resistant adhesive for building work
The "Parasols" in Seville feature components that are designed to be glued instead of bolted together. To prevent the adhesive from melting, it needs to withstand temperatures of up to 60 degrees. Researchers ...
Researchers work to develop heat tolerant crops
With heatwaves predicted to increase in intensity and duration, the importance of heat tolerant crops is becoming increasingly urgent.
New economic electric water cooling pump for automobiles
The low cost, high efficiency electric pump offers an environmentally friendly alternative to mechanical counterparts. Aisin Seki Co., Ltd has now successfully developed a smaller, cheaper electric cooling ...
Experiment turns up the heat on natural selection, reveals new details of an evolutionary mechanism
Scientists in Munich report evidence that high concentrations of the molecular "chaperone" proteins GroEL and GroES -- intracellular machines that can stabilize folding proteins under stress -- play a critical role in increasing ...