Origin of the Eukaryotic cell: Part II - Cytoskeleton, membranes, and beyond
Scientists create renewable fossil fuel alternative using bacteria
The development is a step towards commercial production of a source of fuel that could one day provide an alternative to fossil fuels.
Plants' oil-desaturating enzymes pair up to channel metabolites
Plant scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory have found that certain enzymes responsible for desaturating fatty acids, the building blocks of oils, can link up to efficiently ...
Better RNA interference, inspired by nature: New nanoparticles offer best-ever gene silencing
Inspired by tiny particles that carry cholesterol through the body, MIT chemical engineers have designed nanoparticles that can deliver snippets of genetic material that turn off disease-causing genes.
Researchers find a missing component in effort to create primitive, synthetic cells
A team of Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) investigators working to create "protocells" – primitive synthetic cells consisting of a nucleic acid strand encased within a membrane-bound compartment – ...
Natural affinities—unrecognized until now—may have set stage for life to ignite
The chemical components crucial to the start of life on Earth may have primed and protected each other in never-before-realized ways, according to new research led by University of Washington scientists.
A novel shuttle for fatty acids
Oils from plant seeds provide the basis for many aspects of modern life that are taken for granted, being used to make cooking oil, soap, fuel, cosmetics, medicines, flooring, and many other everyday products. Whether derived ...
Researchers pump up oil accumulation in plant leaves
Increasing the oil content of plant biomass could help fulfill the nation's increasing demand for renewable energy feedstocks. But many of the details of how plant leaves make and break down oils have remained ...
Canola genome sequence reveals evolutionary 'love triangle'
An international team of scientists including researchers from the University of Georgia recently published the genome of Brassica napus—commonly known as canola—in the journal Science. Their discove ...
Mining bacterial blueprints yields novel process for creation of fuel and chemical compounds
(Phys.org) —A team of researchers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison has identified the genes and enzymes that create a promising compound—the 19 carbon furan-containing fatty acid (19Fu-FA). The ...
The Sheep Genome: Study shows how sheep first separated from goats
Scientists have cracked the genetic code of sheep to reveal how they became a distinct species from goats around four million years ago. The study is the first to pinpoint the genetic differences that make ...
Multifunctional nanoparticles for cheaper, cleaner biofuel
The U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory has created a faster, cleaner biofuel refining technology that not only combines processes, it uses widely available materials to reduce costs.
Finding which genes are activated or silenced by Arctic ground squirrels during hibernation
(Phys.org) —Saving energy is crucial to the survival of animals living in the cold regions of the world. A small marmot-like rodent from the Arctic is world champion when it comes to energy saving. According ...
Polar bear genome reveals rapid adaptation to fatty diet
A comparison of the genomes of polar bears and brown bears reveals that the polar bear is a much younger species than previously believed, having diverged from brown bears less than 500,000 years ago.