#### New equation could advance research in solar cell materials

(PhysOrg.com) -- A groundbreaking new equation developed in part by researchers at the University of Michigan could do for organic semiconductors what the Shockley ideal diode equation did for inorganic semiconductors: ...

#### Quarks 'swing' to the tones of random numbers

At the Large Hadron Collider at CERN protons crash into each other at incredibly high energies in order to 'smash' the protons and to study the elementary particles of nature - including quarks. Quarks are ...

#### Unraveling the Matrix

A new way of analyzing grids of numbers known as matrices could improve signal-processing applications and data-compression schemes.

#### Scots engineers prove space pioneer's 25-year-old theory

When American space pioneer, Dr Robert L Forward, proposed in 1984 a way of greatly improving satellite telecommunications using a new family of orbits, some claimed it was impossible.

#### Meeting consumers' HD demands with a faster algorithm

(PhysOrg.com) -- Engineers help smaller processors outperform a single superfast processor by working more efficiently in parallel.

#### Riding a bike couldn't be ... more complicated

We are told there's nothing easier than riding a bike. The reality is when it comes to staying upright, there is nothing more complicated. The mathematical formula which explains the motion of a bicycle looks like it could ...

#### Silicon chips to enter world of high speed optical processing

(PhysOrg.com) -- Physicists at the University of Sydney have brought silicon chips closer to performing all-optical computing and information processing that could overcome the speed limitations intrinsic ...

#### Polar oceans key to temperature in the tropics

Scientists have found that the ocean temperature at the earth's polar extremes has a significant impact thousands of miles away at the equator.

#### Japanese firm wants to transform the Moon into a giant solar power plant

(PhysOrg.com) -- The Shimizu Corporation, a Japanese construction firm, has recently proposed a plan to harness solar energy on a larger scale than almost any previously proposed concept. Their ambitious plan ...

#### Mathematicians Solve 140-Year-Old Boltzmann Equation

(PhysOrg.com) -- Two University of Pennsylvania mathematicians have found solutions to a 140-year-old, 7-dimensional equation that were not known to exist for more than a century despite its widespread use in modeling the ...

#### Einstein's E=mc2 on display at Shanghai Expo

Two pages of the original manuscript of Albert Einstein's famed "General Theory of Relativity" were unveiled Thursday at Shanghai's World Expo, state media reported.

#### Rough calculations: New book lays out practical tools for educated guessing

(PhysOrg.com) -- Time for some quick arithmetic: Is 3600 x 4.4 x 10^{4} x 32 larger or smaller than 3 x 10^{9}?

#### New 'hearing' maps are real conversation starters

Innovative sound-mapping software based on human hearing has been developed to help architects design out unwanted noise.

#### New evidence hints at global glaciation 716.5 million years ago

Geologists have found evidence that sea ice extended to the equator 716.5 million years ago, bringing new precision to a "snowball Earth" event long suspected to have taken place around that time.