Wires turn salt water into freshwater
Shiny quantum dots brighten future of solar cells
(Phys.org) —A house window that doubles as a solar panel could be on the horizon, thanks to recent quantum-dot work by Los Alamos National Laboratory researchers in collaboration with scientists from University ...
Researchers estimate amount of CO2 released into atmosphere by rivers and streams
Fossil shells and new geochemical technique provide clues to ancient climate cooling
Using a new laboratory technique to analyze fossil snail shells, scientists have gained insights into an abrupt climate shift that transformed the planet nearly 34 million years ago.
Materials scientists make solar energy chip 100 times more efficient
(Phys.org) —Scientists working at the Stanford Institute for Materials and Energy Sciences (SIMES) have improved an innovative solar-energy device to be about 100 times more efficient than its previous ...
Brainwave headband makes debut at Paris LeWeb meet
Fish from acidic ocean waters less able to smell predators
Fish living on coral reefs where carbon dioxide seeps from the ocean floor were less able to detect predator odor than fish from normal coral reefs, according to a new study.
Greenland ice cores show industrial record of acid rain, success of US Clean Air Act
The rise and fall of acid rain is a global experiment whose results are preserved in the geologic record.
NASA's OCO-2 brings sharp focus on global carbon
Simply by breathing, humans have played a small part in the planet-wide balancing act called the carbon cycle throughout our existence. However, in the last few hundred years, we have taken a larger role. ...
Making the most of carbon nanotube-liquid crystal combos
Dispersions of carbon nanotubes with liquid crystals have attracted much interest because they pave the way for creating new materials with added functionalities. Now, a study published in European Physical Jo ...
Not so dirty: Methane fuels life in pristine chalk rivers
Scientists from Queen Mary University of London have found that naturally high concentrations of the greenhouse gas methane contributes to energy production in chalk rivers, in a new study published today ...
Portable frequency comb rolls out of the lab
A PML team is hitting the road with a fine-tooth comb. Scientists in the Quantum Electronics and Photonics Division have devised a portable optical frequency comb that is capable of laboratory-grade measurements ...
First 3-D movies of living sperm
To improve their chances of success, in vitro fertilization (IVF) clinics need to assess the viability of the sperm they use. Now doctors may soon have a new technique to help them sort the good sperm cells ...
Sensitivity of carbon cycle to tropical temperature variations has doubled
The tropical carbon cycle has become twice as sensitive to temperature variations over the past 50 years, new research has revealed.