New Milky Way maps help solve stubborn interstellar material mystery
An international team of sky scholars, including a key researcher from Johns Hopkins, has produced new maps of the material located between the stars in the Milky Way. The results should move astronomers closer ...
Ultrabright lasers help switch single photons
(Phys.org) —In the search for a single photon source, researchers in Australia and France have achieved a major step towards a turn-key source of individual, precisely tailored photons from an integrated ...
Beyond quantum simulation: Physicists create 'crystal' of spin-swapping ultracold molecules
Physicists at JILA have created a crystal-like arrangement of ultracold gas molecules that can swap quantum "spin" properties with nearby and distant partners. The novel structure might be used to simulate ...
New low-temperature chemical reaction explained
In all the centuries that humans have studied chemical reactions, just 36 basic types of reactions have been found. Now, thanks to the work of researchers at MIT and the University of Minnesota, a 37th type ...
Molecule reorganises itself for new functions
(Phys.org) -- The discovery of a synthetic molecule, made up of 60 simple components that are able to reorganise themselves to produce new functions, will lead to better understanding of nature's processes.
Organic compounds found in proto-planetary disks
Astrobiologists discover 'sweet spots' for the formation of complex organic molecules in the galaxy
(PhysOrg.com) -- Scientists within the New York Center for Astrobiology at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute have compiled years of research to help locate areas in outer space that have extreme potential for ...
Novel alloy could produce hydrogen fuel from sunlight
Scientists from the University of Kentucky and the University of Louisville have determined that an inexpensive semiconductor material can be "tweaked" to generate hydrogen from water using sunlight.
New way of synthesizing organic chemicals mimics nature
Clay-armored bubbles may have formed first protocells
(PhysOrg.com) -- A team of applied physicists at Harvard's School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS), Princeton, and Brandeis have demonstrated the formation of semipermeable vesicles from inorganic ...
Zapping Titan-like atmosphere with UV rays creates life precursors
The first experimental evidence showing how atmospheric nitrogen can be incorporated into organic macromolecules is being reported by a University of Arizona team.
New method for producing 'libraries' of important carbohydrate molecules
Scientists some years back found ways to automate the production of DNA and proteins, making studies of these essential components of life far easier. With complex carbohydrates, it's been a different story.
Scientists bend nanowires into 2-D and 3-D structures
(PhysOrg.com) -- Taking nanomaterials to a new level of structural complexity, scientists have determined how to introduce kinks into arrow-straight nanowires, transforming them into zigzagging two- and three-dimensional ...
Making better medicines with a handful of chemical building blocks
Soon, making and improving medical drugs could be as easy for chemists as stacking blocks is for a child.