Sex chromosome shocker: The 'female' X a key contributor to sperm production
Painstaking new analysis of the genetic sequence of the X chromosome—long perceived as the "female" counterpart to the male-associated Y chromosome—reveals that large portions of the X have evolved to play a specialized ...
Scientists discover one gene is necessary for mice to avoid predators
When a mouse smells a cat, it instinctively avoids the feline or risks becoming dinner. How? A Northwestern University study involving olfactory receptors, which underlie the sense of smell, provides evidence ...
Seeing color traced back to genetic mutations
From the inside of our heads, it feels as if colors are intrinsic aspects of the outside world and our eyes are beautifully designed to see them. But we humans are merely sampling the possible ways of sensing the spectrum ...
Finding our color center
The colorful Australian film Strictly Ballroom has been used in a breakthrough scientific experiment to locate the colour processing center in the human brain.
Gene therapy cures canines of inherited form of day blindness
Veterinary ophthalmology researchers from the University of Pennsylvania have used gene therapy to restore retinal cone function and day vision in two canine models of congenital achromatopsia, also called rod monochromacy ...
Color blindness cured in monkeys
(PhysOrg.com) -- Researchers from the University of Washington and the University of Florida used gene therapy to cure two squirrel monkeys of color blindness — the most common genetic disorder in people.
Social scientist creates computer model to determine human perception of hues
Variations in how people perceive colors and how those same colors appear on TV, computers and other media have confounded broadcasters, Web designers and printers trying to reproduce lifelike hues.