Researchers sequence pepper genome, find jumping genes enhanced diversity
Improving crop yields in a world of extreme weather events
Farmers in the United States witnessed record-breaking extremes in temperature and drought during the last two summers, causing worldwide increases in the costs of food, feed and fiber. Indeed, many climate ...
How do you feed 9 billion people?
An international team of scientists has developed crop models to better forecast food production to feed a growing population – projected to reach 9 billion by mid-century – in the face of climate change.
The new normal? Record-breaking 2011 Lake Erie algae bloom may be sign of things to come
The largest harmful algae bloom in Lake Erie's recorded history was likely caused by the confluence of changing farming practices and weather conditions that are expected to become more common in the future ...
Computer models show how deep carbon could return to Earth's surface
Computer simulations of water under extreme pressure are helping geochemists understand how carbon might be recycled from hundreds of miles below the Earth's surface. The work, by researchers at the University ...
Plant genomes may help next generation respond to climate change
In the face of climate change, animals have an advantage over plants: They can move. But a new study led by Brown University researchers shows that plants may have some tricks of their own.
Causes of California drought linked to climate change
The atmospheric conditions associated with the unprecedented drought currently afflicting California are "very likely" linked to human-caused climate change, Stanford scientists say.
Modern humans may have migrated into Austria 43,500 years ago
A multinational team analysed stone tools recovered during a recent re-excavation of the find site of the Venus of Willendorf in Austria. The authors identified the stone tools as belonging to the Aurignacian ...
Dry future climate could reduce orchid bee habitat
(Phys.org) —During Pleistocene era climate changes, neotropical orchid bees that relied on year-round warm, wet weather found their habitats reduced by 30 to 50 percent, according to a Cornell study that ...
Climate change restricts migrant species access to oceans
(Phys.org) —Climate change has led to more than a third of the world's oceans becoming inaccessible to species that migrate seeking favourable climates.
Study examines climate change effects on crop mix shift, transportation
(Phys.org) —Drought conditions in Texas and throughout the U.S. the past decade have not only caused crops to fail, but farmers have had to alter the mix of commodities planted to better adapt to a changing ...
'La Nada' climate pattern lingers in the Pacific
(Phys.org) —New remote sensing data from NASA's Jason-2 satellite show near-normal sea-surface height conditions across the equatorial Pacific Ocean. This neutral, or "La Nada" event, has stubbornly persisted ...
West Antarctica ice sheet existed 20 million years earlier than previously thought
The results of research conducted by professors at UC Santa Barbara and colleagues mark the beginning of a new paradigm for our understanding of the history of Earth's great global ice sheets. The research ...
Study finds coral reefs under even greater threat
In a landmark study, scientists at The University of Queensland (UQ) have simulated future ocean conditions and found climate change will jeopardise the future of coral reefs.