News tagged with chromosomes

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How a female X chromosome is inactivated

In female mammals, one of the two X chromosomes is inactivated. Thanks to research using special stem cells, geneticists at ETH Zurich have been able to provide detailed insight into the molecular mechanism behind this inactivation ...

dateAug 10, 2015 in Biotechnology
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Chromosomes show off their shapes

Chromosomes – the 46 tightly-wrapped packages of genetic material in our cells – are iconically depicted as X-shaped formations. However, those neat X's only appear when a cell is about to divide and the entire contents ...

dateNov 25, 2013 in Biotechnology
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How an RNA gene silences a whole chromosome

Researchers at Caltech have discovered how an abundant class of RNA genes, called long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs, pronounced link RNAs) can regulate key genes. By studying an important lncRNA, called Xist, the scientists identified ...

dateApr 27, 2015 in Biotechnology
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