Proteins stepping on 'landmines': How they survive the immense heat they create
How do some proteins survive the extreme heat generated when they catalyze reactions that can happen as many as a million times per second? Work by researchers from Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis ...
Scientists re-create what may be life's first spark
Scientists in a lab used a powerful laser to re-create what might have been the original spark of life on Earth.
World's first artificial enzymes created using synthetic biology
(Phys.org)—Medical Research Council (MRC) scientists have created the world's first enzymes made from artificial genetic material. Their synthetic enzymes, which are made from molecules that do not occur ...
Cheap hybrid outperforms rare metal as fuel-cell catalyst
(Phys.org) —Graphene quantum dots created at Rice University grab onto graphene platelets like barnacles attach themselves to the hull of a boat. But these dots enhance the properties of the mothership, ...
Water in the solar system predates the Sun
Water was crucial to the rise of life on Earth and is also important to evaluating the possibility of life on other planets. Identifying the original source of Earth's water is key to understanding how life-fostering ...
Gold's unexpected oxidation activity: Decoding the role of water in gold nanocatalysis
Researchers from the University of Houston and Trinity University have for the first time provided direct evidence of a water-mediated reaction mechanism for the catalytic oxidation of carbon monoxide.
Water's reaction with metal oxides opens doors for researchers
A multi-institutional team has resolved a long-unanswered question about how two of the world's most common substances interact.
Water behavior breakthrough opens a crucial door in chemistry
(Phys.org) —A multi-institutional team has resolved a long-unanswered question about how two of the world's most common substances interact.
Bionic particles self-assemble to capture light
Inspired by fictional cyborgs like Terminator, a team of researchers at the University of Michigan and the University of Pittsburgh has made the first bionic particles from semiconductors and proteins.
Metabolism may have started in our early oceans before the origin of life
The chemical reactions behind the formation of common metabolites in modern organisms could have formed spontaneously in the earth's early oceans, questioning the events thought to have led to the origin ...
Breakthrough harnesses light for controlled chemical reaction
When chemist Tehshik Yoon looks out his office window, he sees a source of energy to drive chemical reactions. Plants "learned" to synthesize chemicals with sunlight eons ago; Yoon came to the field a bit ...
Chameleon crystals could enable active camouflage (w/ video)
(Phys.org) —The ability to control crystals with light and chemistry could lead to chameleon-style color-changing camouflage for vehicle bodies and other surfaces.
New field of "strain engineering" could open up areas of materials research
In the ongoing search for new materials for fuel cells, batteries, photovoltaics, separation membranes, and electronic devices, one newer approach involves applying and managing stresses within known materials ...