New evidence to aid search for charge 'stripes' in superconductors
(Phys.org) —Scientists at the DOE's Brookhaven National Laboratory have identified a series of clues that particular arrangements of electrical charges known as "stripes" may play a role in superconductivity-the ...
Gel-based audio speaker demonstrates capabilities of ionic conductors, long thought limited in application (w/ Video)
In a materials science laboratory at Harvard University, a transparent disk connected to a laptop fills the room with music—it's the "Morning" prelude from Peer Gynt, played on an ionic speaker.
Magnetic charge crystals imaged in artificial spin ice
A team of scientists has reported direct visualization of magnetic charge crystallization in an artificial spin ice material, a first in the study of a relatively new class of frustrated artificial magnetic ...
Regulating electron 'spin' may be key to making organic solar cells competitive
Organic solar cells that convert light to electricity using carbon-based molecules have shown promise as a versatile energy source but have not been able to match the efficiency of their silicon-based counterparts.
Harnessing the potential of quantum tunneling: Transistors without semiconductors
(Phys.org) —For decades, electronic devices have been getting smaller, and smaller, and smaller. It's now possible—even routine—to place millions of transistors on a single silicon chip.
Research finds how diving mammals evolved underwater endurance
Scientists at the University of Liverpool have shed new light on how diving mammals, such as the sperm whale, have evolved to survive for long periods underwater without breathing.
Study provides a new framework for understanding the energetics of ionic liquids
– A new study by researchers at UC Santa Barbara provides clues into the understanding of the behavior of the charged molecules or particles in ionic liquids. The new framework may lead to the creation ...
Research team finds that the ratio of component atoms vital to performance
There has been great interest in recent years in using tiny particles called quantum dots to produce low-cost, easily manufactured, stable photovoltaic cells. But, so far, the creation of such cells has been ...
High school student develops supercapacitor, wins Young Scientist Award
Researchers report first fully integrated artificial photosynthesis nanosystem
(Phys.org) —In the wake of the sobering news that atmospheric carbon dioxide is now at its highest level in at least three million years, an important advance in the race to develop carbon-neutral renewable ...
Team observes real-time charging of a lithium-air battery
One of the most promising new kinds of battery to power electric cars is called a lithium-air battery, which could store up to four times as much energy per pound as today's best lithium-ion batteries. But ...
Graphene joins the race to redefine the ampere
A new joint innovation by the National Physical Laboratory (NPL) and the University of Cambridge could pave the way for redefining the ampere in terms of fundamental constants of physics. The world's first ...
'Going negative' pays for nanotubes: Team finds possible keys to better nanofibers, films
(Phys.org) —A Rice University laboratory's cagey strategy turns negatively charged carbon nanotubes into liquid crystals that could enhance the creation of fibers and films.
Engineers create structures tougher than bulletproof vests
Researchers at UT Dallas have created new structures that exploit the electromechanical properties of specific nanofibers to stretch to up to seven times their length, while remaining tougher than Kevlar.