Researchers advance next generation biofuels by turning up the heat on biomass pretreatment processes
The nation's Renewable Fuels Standard calls for annual production of 36 billion gallons of biofuel by 2022. One of the biggest hurdles to achieving this goal lies in optimizing the multistep process involved ...
Researchers produce cheap sugars for sustainable biofuel production
Iowa State University's Robert C. Brown keeps a small vial of brown, sweet-smelling liquid on his office table.
March on, Hydrogen! Mild but very efficient: new catalytic process extracts hydrogen from bioalcohols
(PhysOrg.com) -- Over 80% of the worlds energy demands continue to be met with fossil fuels. The environmental problems associated with this, such as global warming, are well-known. The efficient supply of ...
Better planning required if EU is to meet energy targets
An important prerequisite for the European targets to be met is a significant increase in the use of biomass for energy. However, competition for biomass is expected to grow in the future, because biomass is used in the manufacture ...
New approach challenges old ideas about plant species and biomass
For decades, scientists have believed that a relationship exists between how much biomass plant species produce and how many species can coexist.
Fish farms less harmful than thought
Coastal fish farms seem to do less harm to nearby plants and animals than previously believed, a new study reveals. And marine ecosystems can recover from this damage surprisingly fast.
Reforestation's cooling influence -- a result of farmer's past choices
Decisions by farmers to plant on productive land with little snow enhances the potential for reforestation to counteract global warming, concludes new research from Carnegie's Julia Pongratz and Ken Caldeira. Previous research ...
Novel gene increases yeast's appetite for plant sugars
For thousands of years, bakers and brewers have relied on yeast to convert sugar into alcohol and carbon dioxide. Yet, University of Wisconsin-Madison researchers eager to harness this talent for brewing biofuels have found ...
Wood products part of winning carbon-emissions equation, researchers say
Trees absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere to grow, so forests have long been proposed as a way to offset climate change.
Future fire -- still a wide open climate question
How the frequency and intensity of wildfires and intentional biomass burning will change in a future climate requires closer scientific attention, according to CSIRO's Dr Melita Keywood.
Microalgae could be Texas' next big cash crop
Just as corn and peanuts stunned the world decades ago with their then-newly discovered multi-beneficial uses and applications, Texas AgriLife Research scientists in Corpus Christi think microalgae holds even more promise.
Termites' digestive system could act as biofuel refinery
One of the peskiest household pests, while disastrous to homes, could prove to be a boon for cars, according to a Purdue University study.
Salt-loving microbe provides new enzymes for the production of next-gen biofuels
In order to realize the full potential of advanced biofuels that are derived from non-food sources of lignocellulosic biomasse.g., agricultural, forestry, and municipal waste, and crops such as poplar, ...
Vermont capital residents OK wood-heating system
(AP) -- Vermont's capital city is going ahead with a plan to expand state government's wood-fired heating system into city schools and government buildings.