Antioxidant with a long shelf life
(Phys.org) —Scientists from ETH Zurich have developed a nanomaterial that protects other molecules from oxidation. Unlike many such active substances in the past, the ETH-Zurich researchers' antioxidant ...
Physical chemistry could answer many questions on fracking
E. coli bacteria engineered to eat switchgrass and make transportation fuels
A milestone has been reached on the road to developing advanced biofuels that can replace gasoline, diesel and jet fuels with a domestically-produced clean, green, renewable alternative.
Ingested nanoparticles could be harmful to health
(PhysOrg.com) -- Billions of engineered nanoparticles in foods and pharmaceuticals are ingested by humans daily, and new Cornell research warns they may be more harmful to health than previously thought.
Cerium's unusual behaviour
(PhysOrg.com) -- Livermore researchers have found that a crystal of cerium -- the chemical element that can be used for catalysts and fuel additives -- behaves in very unique ways when subjected to high pressures.
A greener path for the production of a vital chemical
(PhysOrg.com) -- Nanoparticles of gold and palladium (Au-Pd) could lead to a more efficient and environmentally friendly way of producing benzyl benzoate, a chemical compound used widely in the food, pharmaceutical ...
Cost-saving measure to upgrade ethanol to butanol—a better alternative to gasoline
Scientists today reported a discovery that could speed an emerging effort to replace ethanol in gasoline with a substantially better fuel additive called butanol, which some experts regard as "the gasoline of the future." ...
Researchers reveal how solvent mixtures affect organic solar cell structure
(Phys.org)—Controlling "mixing" between acceptor and donor layers, or domains, in polymer-based solar cells could increase their efficiency, according to a team of researchers that included physicists from ...
NASA researchers looking to take additive manufacturing into space
New antibiotic could make food safer and cows healthier
Food-borne diseases might soon have another warrior to contend with, thanks to a new molecule discovered by chemists at the University of Illinois. The new antibiotic, an analog of the widely used food preservative ...
New surface coatings could inhibit buildup of methane hydrates that can block deep-sea oil and gas wells
During the massive oil spill from the ruptured Deepwater Horizon well in 2010, it seemed at first like there might be a quick fix: a containment dome lowered onto the broken pipe to capture the flow so it could be pumped ...
Harnessing plant-invading fungi for fuel
(Phys.org)—As gas prices rise around the world, researchers are seeking a potential solution from endophytic fungi—fungi that live inside plants.
Pesticide additives cause drifting droplets, but can be controlled
(PhysOrg.com) -- Chemical additives that help agricultural pesticides adhere to their targets during spraying can lead to formation of smaller "satellite" droplets that cause those pesticides to drift into ...
Researchers use 3-D printer to make parts from moon rock
Imagine landing on the moon or Mars, putting rocks through a 3-D printer and making something useful – like a needed wrench or replacement part.