Sea urchins cope with rising CO2 levels
Protein adaptation shows that life on early earth lived in a hot, acidic environment
A new study reveals that a group of ancient enzymes adapted to substantial changes in ocean temperature and acidity during the last four billion years, providing evidence that life on Early Earth evolved from ...
Researchers find new way to create 'gradients' for understanding molecular interactions
Scientists use tools called gradients to understand how molecules interact in biological systems. Researchers from North Carolina State University have developed a new technique for creating biomolecular ...
Coccoliths thrive despite ocean acidification
Ocean acidification is damaging some marine species while others thrive, say scientists. An international team studied the effect of ocean acidification on plankton in the North Sea over the past forty years, ...
Temp-controlled 'nanopores' may allow detailed blood analysis
(Phys.org) —Tiny biomolecular chambers called nanopores that can be selectively heated may help doctors diagnose disease more effectively if recent research by a team at the National Institute of Standards ...
Rising acid in oceans is worsening industry toxins
Acidification of UK waters may make industrially-contaminated sediments more toxic over time, say scientists.
Why are there redheads? Birds might hold the clues
Red coloration—historically seen as costly in vertebrates—historically seen as costly in vertebrates—might represent some physiological benefit after all, according to research published in the journal Physiological an ...
A hidden genetic code: Researchers identify key differences in seemingly synonymous parts of the structure
Harvard scientists say they've solved a mystery that's nearly as old as science's understanding of the genetic code.
New antibiotic could make food safer and cows healthier
Food-borne diseases might soon have another warrior to contend with, thanks to a new molecule discovered by chemists at the University of Illinois. The new antibiotic, an analog of the widely used food preservative ...
Researchers develop technique for measuring stressed molecules in cells
Biophysicists at the University of Pennsylvania have helped develop a new technique for studying how proteins respond to physical stress and have applied it to better understand the stability-granting structures in normal ...
Micro-RNA blocks the effect of insulin in obesity
(PhysOrg.com) -- German researchers have discovered a new mechanism that leads to the development of type 2 diabetes in obesity.
Birch bark ingredient comes with many metabolic benefits
An ingredient found in abundance in birch bark appears to have an array of metabolic benefits, according to new studies in animals that are reported in the January issue of Cell Metabolism. In mice, the compound known as bet ...
Mammalian aging process linked to overactive cellular pathway
Whitehead Institute researchers have linked hyperactivity in the mechanistic target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) cellular pathway, to reduced ketone production, which is a well-defined physiological trait of aging in mice.
RNA snippets control protein production by disabling mRNAs
Short pieces of RNA, called microRNAs, control protein production by causing the proteins' RNA templates (known as messenger RNA or mRNA) to be disabled by the cell, according to Whitehead Institute scientists.