Professor quantifies how 'one thing leads to another'
(Phys.org) —"One thing led to another," people often say. Events, discoveries and relationships are triggered by something previous. The iPhone case was designed only because the iPhone was invented first. A song became ...
Scientists: This man has your number
Attention, star scientists: Pierre Azoulay is watching you. Not literally, of course: Azoulay, an economist, inhabits an office tucked away in the MIT Sloan School of Management, far from any lab. But his ...
Fair cake cutting gets its own algorithm
The next time your children quibble about who gets to eat which part of a cake, call in some experts on the art of sharing. Mathematician Julius Barbanel of Union College, and political scientist Steven Brams of New York ...
Study suggests banks could learn from monkeys to avoid collapse
(Phys.org) —All jokes about monkey business aside, primate social networks provide valuable lessons that could help predict and prevent catastrophes like the global financial crisis of 2008, report researchers ...
Using math models to make predictions: How vegetation competes for rainfall in dry regions
The greater the plant density in a given area, the greater the amount of rainwater that seeps into the ground. This is due to a higher presence of dense roots and organic matter in the soil. Since water is ...
Researchers develop 'envy-free' algorithm for settling disputes
Whether it's season tickets to Green Bay Packers' games or silver place settings, divorce and inheritance have bred protracted disputes over the assignment of belongings. But, now, a trio of researchers has found a method ...
Hyperbolic homogeneous polynomials, oh my!
Cutting-edge mathematics today, at least to the uninitiated, often sounds as if it bears no relation to the arithmetic we all learned in grade school. What do topology and combinatorics and n-dimensional ...
How would Einstein use e-mail? Letter writers of yore had same correspondence patterns as e-mail users today
You're not as different from Albert Einstein and Charles Darwin after all, at least when it comes to patterns of correspondence.
Mathematicians develop a new 'third way' to improve airplane boarding
Lead researcher Dr Tie-Qiao Tang said while modelling had previously been done on factors such as luggage congestion, routing, and takeoff runway scheduling, his study was the first to look at boarding.
Have we reached peak travel?
Rota's Conjecture: Researcher solves 40-year-old math problem
(Phys.org) —A Victoria University mathematician has experienced his own eureka moment, solving a 40 year-old mathematical problem.
Rethinking the roots of altruism
For decades, researchers working to understand how altruistic behavior evolved have relied on a concept known as inclusive fitness, which holds that organisms receive an evolutionary benefit—and are able ...
Peer pressure's influence calculated by mathematician
(Phys.org) —A mathematician has calculated how peer pressure influences society.
Japanese and US whizzes claim news record for pi calculation -- five trillion decimal places
A pair of Japanese and US computer whizzes claim to have calculated pi to five trillion decimal places -- a number which if verified eclipses the previous record set by a French software engineer.