Using math models to make predictions: How vegetation competes for rainfall in dry regions
The greater the plant density in a given area, the greater the amount of rainwater that seeps into the ground. This is due to a higher presence of dense roots and organic matter in the soil. Since water is ...
Doing the math 'predicts' which movies will be box office hits
(Phys.org) —Researchers have devised a mathematical model which can be used to predict whether films will become blockbusters or flops at the box office – up to a month before the movie is released.
Stabilizing aircraft during takeoff and landing using math
One of the lesser known concerns about commercial aircraft is their stability on the ground during taxiing, takeoff, and landing. During these processes, planes must maintain stability under various operating ...
First mathematical analysis of gun policy tradeoff emphasizes need for more data
Rota's Conjecture: Researcher solves 40-year-old math problem
(Phys.org) —A Victoria University mathematician has experienced his own eureka moment, solving a 40 year-old mathematical problem.
Encryption is less secure than we thought
Information theory—the discipline that gave us digital communication and data compression—also put cryptography on a secure mathematical foundation. Since 1948, when the paper that created information theory first appear ...
The arithmetic of gun control
Aiming to quell heated national debate about gun control with factual answers, two UC Irvine mathematicians have designed parameters to measure how to best prevent both one-on-one killings and mass shootings in the United ...
Cinderellas reign in Final Four ratings
Most pro basketball fans would assume that TV executives want to see teams from the largest markets go the furthest in the playoffs. But in college basketball, however, the most fans tune in for teams they probably hadn't ...
New mathematical theory says small organisms may not form species
A new mathematical theory from the University is challenging one of the most basic ideas of biology – that the concept of a 'species' applies to all creatures.
Indian researcher helps prove math conjecture from the 1950s
On June 18, Adam Marcus and Daniel A. Spielman of Yale University, along with Nikhil Srivastava of Microsoft Research India, announced a proof of the Kadison-Singer conjecture, a question about the mathematical foundations ...
Complex activity patterns emerge from simple underlying laws
A new study from researchers at Uppsala University and University of Havana uses mathematic modeling and experiments on ants to show that a group is capable of developing flexible resource management strategies and characteristic ...
Mathematical ranking classifies tennis players by assessing their play
Researchers from the Miguel Hernández University of Elche have used mathematical techniques and the game statistics from the Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP) to rank tennis players based on assessing ...
A mathematical framework for understanding cities: Part social reactor, part network
Cities have long been likened to organisms, ant colonies, and river networks. But these and other analogies fail to capture the essence of how cities really function.
Stanford student gaining cult status for rethinking NBA philosophy
Muthu Alagappan arrived at Stanford University with his heart set on attending medical school, and he still hopes to become a doctor someday.