Earliest-known arboreal and subterranean ancestral mammals discovered
The fossils of two interrelated ancestral mammals, newly discovered in China, suggest that the wide-ranging ecological diversity of modern mammals had a precedent more than 160 million years ago.
Amber fossil links earliest grasses, dinosaurs and fungus used to produce LSD
A perfectly preserved amber fossil from Myanmar has been found that provides evidence of the earliest grass specimen ever discovered - about 100 million years old - and even then it was topped by a fungus ...
55,000-year-old skull links modern man in vicinity of Neanderthals
Modern Europeans have inherited about 4 percent of their genes from Neanderthals, meaning the two groups mated at some point in the past. But the question is, where and when?
Fossil ankles indicate Earth's earliest primates lived in trees
Earth's earliest primates have taken a step up in the world, now that researchers have gotten a good look at their ankles.
Two-faced fish clue that our ancestors 'weren't shark-like'
An investigation of a 415-million-year-old fish skull strongly suggests that the last common ancestor of all jawed vertebrates, including humans, was not very shark-like. It adds further weight to the growing ...
Intensive agriculture may have exacerbated drought in ancient Maya city
Researchers use X-ray video of guineafowl walking through poppy seeds to create a 3-D model of how tracks get made
Oldest engraving rewrites view of human history
Anthropologists on Wednesday said they had found the earliest engraving in human history on a fossilised mollusc shell some 500,000 years old, unearthed in colonial-era Indonesia.
King Richard III—case closed after 529 years: DNA and genealogical study confirms identity of remains
An international research team led by Dr Turi King from the University of Leicester Department of Genetics provides overwhelming evidence that the skeleton discovered under a car park in Leicester indeed ...
Leaves of ancient carnivorous plants found in Baltic amber
American mastodons made warm Arctic, subarctic temporary home 125,000 years ago
Existing age estimates of American mastodon fossils indicate that these extinct relatives of elephants lived in the Arctic and Subarctic when the area was covered by ice caps—a chronology that is at odds ...
Fossils suggest ancestor of horses and rhinos originated on the Asian subcontinent while it was still an island
Working at the edge of a coal mine in India, a team of Johns Hopkins researchers and colleagues have filled in a major gap in science's understanding of the evolution of a group of animals that includes horses ...
Ancient DNA shows earliest European genomes weathered the Ice Age
A ground-breaking new study on DNA recovered from a fossil of one of the earliest known Europeans - a man who lived 36,000 years ago in Kostenki, western Russia - has shown that the earliest European humans' ...
Madagascar: Fossil skull offers insights into the life habits and relationships of early mammals
The surprise discovery of the fossilized skull of a 66- to 70-million-year-old, groundhog-like creature on Madagascar has led to new analyses of the lifestyle of the largest known mammal of its time by a ...