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The problem with predictions: Speaker says peering into future remains an imperfect sciencePeople have always yearned to see into the future, to peek around the corner and make sense of what's going on, according to author and mathematician David Orrell. But predicting the future is difficult. And what's more, the search for the "perfect model" of prediction often reveals as much about people's sense of aesthetics as it does about the future, Orrell said last Thursday during "Perfect Model: The Past, Present, and Future of Prediction," a talk sponsored by the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology.
http://phys.org/news286179686.html
Other SciencesFri, 26 Apr 2013 07:21:33 ESTnews286179686Your number's up: A case for the usefulness of useless mathsI once made the mistake of asking a mathematician why he devoted his whole life to maths. "Because it's fun!" he replied wildly, his flabby cheeks beaming with childlike excitement.
http://phys.org/news284806118.html
Other SciencesWed, 10 Apr 2013 09:48:57 ESTnews284806118Researchers develop quantum computer algorithm for counting prime numbers(Phys.org) —Two math and physics researchers from the University's of Barcelona and Madrid respectively have developed an algorithm to count prime numbers using a quantum computer. José Latorre and Germán Sierra describe in their paper they've uploaded to the preprint server arXiv, their formula that uses spin states of quantum bits (qubits) to calculate the number of prime numbers below a given value.
http://phys.org/news283503342.html
PhysicsTue, 26 Mar 2013 07:55:59 ESTnews283503342Cutting through the spin on supermassive black holesAstronomers have measured the spin of a black hole buried in the heart of a galaxy located 56 million light years away, and discovered it was spinning quickly – about as quickly as it could go. That was the big news, based on a paper in Nature, in recent days.
http://phys.org/news281780134.html
Astronomy & SpaceWed, 06 Mar 2013 08:15:40 ESTnews281780134Fermat's Last Theorem, more can be proved more simply: Professor steers field toward a numbers-only proofFermat's Last Theorem—the idea that a certain simple equation had no solutions— went unsolved for nearly 350 years until Oxford mathematician Andrew Wiles created a proof in 1995. Now, Case Western Reserve University's Colin McLarty has shown the theorem can be proved more simply.
http://phys.org/news281614177.html
Other SciencesMon, 04 Mar 2013 10:10:45 ESTnews281614177New research improves estimates of amount of ash in volcanic clouds(Phys.org)—The amount of ash released by Iceland's Eyjafjallajökull volcano during April 2010 was significantly underestimated at the time of the eruption, according to a new model developed at the University of Bristol and published in the Journal of Geophysical Research. This could have important consequences for airspace management during future eruptions.
http://phys.org/news280998536.html
EarthMon, 25 Feb 2013 07:09:07 ESTnews280998536University professor discovers largest prime number to date(Phys.org)—Curtis Cooper, professor of math and computer science at the University of Central Missouri, has discovered the largest prime number to date, it's 257,885,161 – 1. It has 17 million digits and is also a Mersenne prime (a prime number defined by the equation N=2n-1, where N and n are both prime numbers). The find was part of the Great Internet Mersenne Prime Search (GIMPS) project that uses a distributed approach to number crunching using volunteer computers.
http://phys.org/news279365582.html
Other SciencesWed, 06 Feb 2013 09:33:24 ESTnews279365582Math conundrums explainedHow does the Google search ranking system work? Can mathematics explain the Bill Murray movie Groundhog Day? A new web series of 'The Algebra of Everything' will explore these questions and more.
http://phys.org/news278838266.html
Other SciencesThu, 31 Jan 2013 07:04:45 ESTnews278838266Celebrating the mathematical genius RamanujanOn December 22, 1887, Srinivasa Ramanujan was born to a poor family in the state of Tamil Nadu in South India. From humble and obscure beginnings, he blossomed into one of the greatest mathematical geniuses of all time. Largely self-taught and cut off from much of the current mathematical work of his time, he nevertheless produced observations and results that continue to dazzle.
http://phys.org/news271998542.html
Other SciencesTue, 13 Nov 2012 03:10:07 ESTnews271998542Slow-moving rocks better odds that life crashed to Earth from space(Phys.org)—Microorganisms that crashed to Earth embedded in the fragments of distant planets might have been the sprouts of life on this one, according to new research from Princeton University, the University of Arizona and the Centro de Astrobiología (CAB) in Spain.
http://phys.org/news267723646.html
Astronomy & SpaceMon, 24 Sep 2012 16:40:55 ESTnews267723646Crowd-talk yields great answers, says university team(Phys.org)—Move over, Siri. Some researchers from the University of Rochester in collaboration with a University of California, Berkeley, mathematician/crowdsourcing entrepreneur, have come up with a killer personal assistant approach. "We introduce Chorus, a system that enables realtime, two-way natural language conversation between an end user and a crowd acting as a single agent." So begins their paper, "Speaking with the Crowd," suggesting the ideal artificial chat partner is the partner that is actually the work of contributions from many crowdsourced workers. The researchers propose a crowd-powered chat system that behaves as an online collaborative interface. They believe it one-ups existing systems because it can take on more complex tasks.
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TechnologyMon, 10 Sep 2012 19:30:01 ESTnews266520439Dutch research set to make electricity grids future-proofThe rise of renewable energy calls for smart electricity networks (smart grids) that can align energy supply and demand. Researchers at the Centre for Telematics and Information Technology (CTIT) at the University of Twente have developed an ICT-based management and control methodology that is able to do exactly this. Research carried out by mathematician Maurice Bosman shows that this method is effective and capable of making existing electricity grids future-proof. Bosman defended his thesis on 5 July at the Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Mathematics and Computer Science.
http://phys.org/news261041542.html
TechnologyMon, 09 Jul 2012 08:32:30 ESTnews261041542Separating signal from noise in living cellsA mathematician from the University of Bristol has teamed up with a biologist from the University of Edinburgh to address a major problem in molecular biology.
http://phys.org/news255592247.html
BiologyMon, 07 May 2012 06:51:07 ESTnews255592247New 3-D structures assemble with remarkable precision(Phys.org) -- While it is relatively straightforward to build a box on the macroscale, it is much more challenging at smaller micro- and nanometer length scales. At those sizes, three-dimensional (3-D) structures are too small to be assembled by any machine and they must be guided to assemble on their own. And now, interdisciplinary research by engineers at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, Md., and mathematicians at Brown University in Providence, R.I., has led to a breakthrough showing that higher order polyhedra can indeed fold up and assemble themselves.
http://phys.org/news254473308.html
NanotechnologyTue, 24 Apr 2012 08:40:01 ESTnews254473308Healing with mathUnderstanding the way our bodies heal is not as easy as 1, 2, 3. But a Queensland University of Technology (QUT) researcher believes mathematics holds the answers to complex biological problems.
http://phys.org/news254392414.html
Other SciencesMon, 23 Apr 2012 09:33:42 ESTnews254392414NJIT mathematician publishes 2012 Major League Baseball projectionsThe Philadelphia Phillies, St. Louis Cardinals and Arizona Diamondbacks should win their divisions, while the Atlanta Braves and the Cincinnati Reds will make it to Major League Baseball's post-season as wild card teams in the National League (NL) in 2012, according to NJIT's baseball guru Bruce Bukiet. The San Francisco Giants, Milwaukee Brewers and Florida Marlins could be close on the heels of the Reds and Braves but should miss out on the post-season by 3 or 4 wins. For more than a decade, Bukiet, an associate professor and associate dean, has applied mathematical analysis to compute the number of regular season games each Major League Baseball team should win. Though his expertise is in mathematical modeling, rather than baseball, his projections have compared well with those of so-called experts over the years.
http://phys.org/news252171273.html
Other SciencesWed, 28 Mar 2012 16:35:05 ESTnews252171273Mathematician sees artistic side to father of computerThis year a series of events around the world will celebrate the work of Alan Turing, the father of the modern computer, as the 100th anniversary of his birthday approaches on June 23. In a book chapter that will be published later this year, mathematician Robert Soare, the founding chairman of the University of Chicago's computer science department, will propose that Turing's achievement was artistic as well as scientific.
http://phys.org/news249235209.html
TechnologyThu, 23 Feb 2012 16:00:25 ESTnews249235209Applying math to design new materials and processes for drug manufacturingTrial-and-error experimentation underlies many biomedical innovations. This classic method -- define a problem, test a proposed solution, learn from failure and try again -- is the main route by which scientists discover new biomaterials and drugs today. This approach is also used to design ways of manufacturing these new materials, but the process is immensely time-consuming, producing a successful therapeutic product and its manufacturing process only after years of experiments, at considerable expense.
http://phys.org/news248510776.html
Other SciencesWed, 15 Feb 2012 07:30:01 ESTnews248510776GDP up, happiness downThe gross domestic product of the United States -- that oft-cited measure of economic health -- has been ticking upward for the last two years.
http://phys.org/news243272947.html
Other SciencesFri, 16 Dec 2011 15:49:41 ESTnews243272947Tall water waves behave unexpectedly(PhysOrg.com) -- In investigating the behavior of large-amplitude standing water waves, mathematician Jon Wilkening of the University of California, Berkeley, has discovered that the waves’ behavior cannot be explained as simply as previously proposed. Questions regarding the dynamics of standing water waves have gone unanswered for decades since numerical simulations have not been powerful enough to explore wave behavior with sufficient accuracy. In the new study published in Physical Review Letters, Wilkening has used numerical simulations with a sufficiently high resolution (capable of achieving 26 digits of accuracy) to help better understand the dynamics that occur at the crests of standing water waves.
http://phys.org/news240586105.html
PhysicsTue, 15 Nov 2011 13:34:43 ESTnews240586105Was the real discovery of the expanding universe lost in translation?(PhysOrg.com) -- The greatest astronomical discovery of the 20th century may have been credited to the wrong person. But it turns out to have been nobody's fault except for that of the actual original discoverer himself.
http://phys.org/news240066457.html
Astronomy & SpaceWed, 09 Nov 2011 13:08:04 ESTnews240066457Potential for odd election outcomes with ranked choice voting system, says mathematician"Instant runoff" voting – which San Franciscans will use next week to choose their new mayor, county sheriff and district attorney – requires voters to rank their three top choices in each race, instead of simply voting for their first choice.
http://phys.org/news239881848.html
Other SciencesMon, 07 Nov 2011 09:51:39 ESTnews239881848Jackson Pollock, artist and physicist?At a glance, a painting by Jackson Pollock (1912 - 1956) can look deceptively accidental: just a quick flick of color on a canvas.
http://phys.org/news228489382.html
Other SciencesTue, 28 Jun 2011 14:16:45 ESTnews228489382Russian maths star shuns eye surgery for mother: officials Russian maths genius Grigori Perelman, who famously turned down a $1 million prize last year, now appears to be refusing free eye surgery for his mother.
http://phys.org/news227279625.html
Other SciencesTue, 14 Jun 2011 14:14:26 ESTnews227279625Tackling the big unanswered problems(PhysOrg.com) -- Scientific research is known to happen slowly but the timeframes pale into insignificance compared to the years spent on some of the great unsolved Maths problems.
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Other SciencesThu, 28 Apr 2011 10:38:35 ESTnews223205869Origami solution found for folding steel shopping bags(PhysOrg.com) -- Origami, the ancient Japanese art of folding objects in simple, yet complicated ways, has in recent years been applied to various engineering challenges, such as how to fold up a solar array for transport to outer-space where it can be easily unfolded before use.
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Other SciencesThu, 31 Mar 2011 14:49:39 ESTnews220801742N. Zealand sceptics defy 'Moonman' quake prophecyGeologists, engineers and like-minded sceptics will meet in earthquake-devastated Christchurch Sunday to mock "junk science" predictions another major tremor will hit the city this weekend.
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EarthMon, 14 Mar 2011 04:35:17 ESTnews219296106Study explains why soggy skin gets wrinkly but does not dissolve(PhysOrg.com) -- A new study by mathematicians in Australia has explained how skin remains stable in water and does not dissolve, and why it wrinkles and remains a strong barrier even after absorbing large quantities of water.
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Other SciencesThu, 10 Mar 2011 06:50:01 ESTnews218953485Now you see himImagine if Harry Potter’s cloak were real , or that you could blot out the sight of something as easily as pressing a mute button to eliminate sound. To some, this seems like “pi in the sky” – fantastic dreams shared by science fiction writers and mathematicians alike.
http://phys.org/news218817859.html
Other SciencesTue, 08 Mar 2011 14:45:35 ESTnews218817859Maximum overhang, optimum rewardYuval Peres, principal researcher at Microsoft Research Redmond and manager of the Theory Group, always advocates both healthy skepticism and an open mind when it comes to problem solving. Even so, Peres was pleasantly surprised when a paper he co-authored won the prestigious David P. Robbins Prize from the Mathematics Association of America (MAA) for taking a completely new approach to a problem mathematicians had considered solved for decades.
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Other SciencesFri, 04 Mar 2011 11:09:50 ESTnews218459373