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A formula for predicting innovationBy the time she was six years old, Nadya Bliss had already figured out her professional calling. She knew that one day she would be a mathematician.
http://phys.org/news343154833.html
Other Sciences - MathematicsSat, 14 Feb 2015 16:47:20 ESTnews343154833Mathematics student visits all S-Bahn stations in Berlin by fastest routeMathematics student Loes Knoben recently managed to visit all S-Bahn stations in Berlin in the fastest way possible, namely in 15 hours and 4 minutes, a new record. In order to achieve this, she programmed a mathematical tool in which all stations had to be visited at least once and where all connections had to be ridden at least once as well. Her tool eventually provided a travel plan which, despite a heavy storm, in practice would be 1 hour and 57 minutes faster than the previous record. At every station she took a picture as proof. The record attempt has been submitted to Guinness World Records, for an official mention.
http://phys.org/news342866848.html
Other Sciences - MathematicsWed, 11 Feb 2015 08:47:44 ESTnews342866848Optimized application of high intensity focused ultrasoundThe field of nonlinear acoustics is currently receiving a lot of attention, thanks to applications focused on the improvement of ultrasonic cleaning, ultrasonic welding, sonochemistry, or thermotherapy. Lithotripsy – the demolition of kidney stones based on the use of high intensity focused ultrasound – represents a further medical field of application.
http://phys.org/news342782154.html
Other Sciences - MathematicsTue, 10 Feb 2015 09:30:06 ESTnews342782154Study reveals inner workings of cricket teamsDo batsmen put personal glory before their team? A study by QUT researchers found cricket batsmen who were close to reaching personal milestones were likely to alter their strategy in a way which, at first sight, seems detrimental to the team.
http://phys.org/news342778067.html
Other Sciences - MathematicsTue, 10 Feb 2015 09:20:01 ESTnews342778067Wrinkle predictions: New mathematical theory may explain patterns in fingerprints, raisins, and microlensesAs a grape slowly dries and shrivels, its surface creases, ultimately taking on the wrinkled form of a raisin. Similar patterns can be found on the surfaces of other dried materials, as well as in human fingerprints. While these patterns have long been observed in nature, and more recently in experiments, scientists have not been able to come up with a way to predict how such patterns arise in curved systems, such as microlenses.
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Other Sciences - MathematicsMon, 02 Feb 2015 16:06:02 ESTnews342115553New study utilizes Kinect for Windows technology to teach elementary school students geometryPicture this: a classroom full of 9-year-olds are up and moving around, contorting their bodies and waving their arms. But it's not gym period or even music class getting them moving—these kids are learning math.
http://phys.org/news341502690.html
Other Sciences - MathematicsMon, 26 Jan 2015 13:51:47 ESTnews341502690Automated method beats critics in picking great moviesDon't rely on the Academy Awards next month if you are seeking to know whether the movies deemed great today will survive the test of time.
http://phys.org/news340887676.html
Other Sciences - MathematicsMon, 19 Jan 2015 15:00:22 ESTnews340887676Rise of billion pound replica kit industry has changed the design of football shirts, study findsThe evolution of the replica kit industry and subsequent rise in fans wearing sportswear as leisurewear has affected football shirt design, new University of Sheffield research has found.
http://phys.org/news340528933.html
Other Sciences - MathematicsThu, 15 Jan 2015 08:30:01 ESTnews340528933Fast bowlers who bowl no-balls in cricket need to do the mathsGood fast bowlers add plenty of spice to the game of cricket but they're also prone to bowling no-balls. If they just started their run ups from a little further back most could probably eliminate no-balls altogether, so why do they risk it?
http://phys.org/news339837251.html
Other Sciences - MathematicsWed, 07 Jan 2015 08:30:01 ESTnews339837251Origami—mathematics in creasingOrigami is the ancient Japanese art of paper folding. One uncut square of paper can, in the hands of an origami artist, be folded into a bird, a frog, a sailboat, or a Japanese samurai helmet beetle. Origami can be extraordinarily complicated and intricate.
http://phys.org/news339836888.html
Other Sciences - MathematicsWed, 07 Jan 2015 07:20:01 ESTnews339836888Decision cascades in social networksHow do people in a social network behave? How are opinions, decisions and behaviors of individuals influenced by their online networks? Can the application of math help answer these questions?
http://phys.org/news338475147.html
Other Sciences - MathematicsMon, 22 Dec 2014 12:52:42 ESTnews338475147Ecosystems need maths not random nature to surviveA previously unknown mathematical property has been found to be behind one of nature's greatest mysteries – how ecosystems survive.
http://phys.org/news338458434.html
Other Sciences - MathematicsMon, 22 Dec 2014 08:14:08 ESTnews338458434Christmas cracker pulling: How to send everyone home a winnerAccording to experts' statistical analyses, if you're expecting 10 guests for dinner on Christmas day, 15 crackers—those festive cardboard tubes filled with a one-size-fits-no-one paper hat, a small toy, and a groan-inducing joke—should be enough to send everyone home happy. The experts came to their estimation by simulating 10,000 parties, with guest numbers ranging from 2 to 50. Their results are published in Significance.
http://phys.org/news337883374.html
Other Sciences - MathematicsMon, 15 Dec 2014 16:29:40 ESTnews337883374Mathematicians prove the Umbral Moonshine ConjectureMonstrous moonshine, a quirky pattern of the monster group in theoretical math, has a shadow - umbral moonshine. Mathematicians have now proved this insight, known as the Umbral Moonshine Conjecture, offering a formula with potential applications for everything from number theory to geometry to quantum physics.
http://phys.org/news337863945.html
Other Sciences - MathematicsMon, 15 Dec 2014 11:06:11 ESTnews337863945Home umpires favour their own teams in Test matches, study findsThe introduction of neutral umpires in Test cricket led to a drop in the number of Leg Before Wicket (LBW) decisions going in favour of home teams, a study has revealed.
http://phys.org/news337856978.html
Other Sciences - MathematicsMon, 15 Dec 2014 09:09:53 ESTnews337856978Assessing scientific research by 'citation wake' detects Nobel laureates' papers(Phys.org)—Ranking scientific papers in order of importance is an inherently subjective task, yet that doesn't keep researchers from trying to develop quantitative assessments. In a new paper, scientists have proposed a new measure of assessment that is based on the "citation wake" of a paper, which encompasses the direct citations and weighted indirect citations received by the paper. The new method attempts to focus on the propagation of ideas rather than credit distribution, and succeeds by at least one significant measure: a large fraction (72%) of its top-ranked papers are coauthored by Nobel Prize laureates.
http://phys.org/news337586941.html
Other Sciences - MathematicsFri, 12 Dec 2014 09:10:04 ESTnews337586941Uncovering complex network structures in natureThe global spread of Ebola is due to the complex interactions between individuals, societies, and transportation and trade networks. Understanding and building appropriate statistical and mathematical models of these interactions is vital to responding to the challenges of living in a networked world. There are, of course, many other examples of complex networks—from national power grids and airline networks to social networks, neuronal networks and protein-protein interactions.
http://phys.org/news337426009.html
Other Sciences - MathematicsWed, 10 Dec 2014 09:26:55 ESTnews337426009Shifting boundaries and changing surfacesNew research published in the Proceedings of The Royal Society A by members of the Mathematical Soft Matter Unit at the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University examines the energies at work in a closed flexible loop spanned by a soap film. While the underlying experiments are simple enough to be replicated in a kitchen sink, the research generates potentially important questions and changes how we think about different disciplines from material science to vertebrate morphogenesis. Aisa Biria and Professor Eliot Fried, who heads the unit, conducted the research.
http://phys.org/news337419206.html
Other Sciences - MathematicsWed, 10 Dec 2014 08:40:01 ESTnews337419206Xinwen Zhu discusses the unifying theory of mathematicsIn 1994, British mathematician Andrew Wiles successfully developed a proof for Fermat's last theorem—a proof that was once partially scribbled in a book margin by 17th-century mathematician Pierre de Fermat but subsequently eluded even the best minds for more than 300 years. Wiles's hard-won success came after digging into a vast web of mathematical conjectures called the Langlands program. The Langlands program, proposed by Canadian mathematician Robert Phelan Langlands in the 1960s, acts as a bridge between seemingly unrelated disciplines in mathematics, such as number theory—the study of prime numbers and other integers—and more visual disciplines such as geometry.
http://phys.org/news337249310.html
Other Sciences - MathematicsMon, 08 Dec 2014 08:50:01 ESTnews337249310Carrot or stick? Game-theory can optimize collaborationWhat motivates people to cooperate in collaborative endeavors? "First carrot, then stick". Tatsuya Sasaki, mathematician from the University of Vienna, has put forth for the first time ever a mathematical proof of this process. The study is recently published online in the Journal of the Royal Society Interface.
http://phys.org/news336827486.html
Other Sciences - MathematicsWed, 03 Dec 2014 11:11:32 ESTnews336827486Finding the simple patterns in a complex worldAn ANU mathematician has developed a new way to uncover simple patterns that might underlie apparently complex systems, such as clouds, cracks in materials or the movement of the stockmarket.
http://phys.org/news336818882.html
Other Sciences - MathematicsWed, 03 Dec 2014 08:48:15 ESTnews336818882A numbers game: Math helps to predict how the body fights diseaseWalter and Eliza Hall Institute researchers have defined for the first time how the size of the immune response is controlled, using mathematical models to predict how powerfully immune cells respond to infection and disease.
http://phys.org/news336315378.html
Other Sciences - MathematicsThu, 27 Nov 2014 14:00:01 ESTnews336315378Golden Ratio offers unity of scienceIt is said to represent a "cosmic constant" found in the curvature of elephant tusks, the shape of a kudu's horn, the destructive beauty of Hurricane Katrina, and in the astronomical grandeur of how planets, moons, asteroids and rings are distributed in the solar system, to name but a few.
http://phys.org/news336297930.html
Other Sciences - MathematicsThu, 27 Nov 2014 08:30:01 ESTnews336297930Passengers boarding airplanes—we're doing it wrong'Tis the season for airplane travel. We may be looking forward to getting where we're going, but most aspects of the travel itself are merely endured. There's stressful security, the madding crowd and the scrum at boarding, where people and their myriad belongings clog the gate area, standing between you and your departure.
http://phys.org/news336206599.html
Other Sciences - MathematicsWed, 26 Nov 2014 08:20:02 ESTnews336206599When vaccines are imperfect: What math can tell us about their effects on disease propagationThe control of certain childhood diseases is difficult, despite high vaccination coverage in many countries. One of the possible reasons for this is "imperfect vaccines," that is, vaccines that fail either due to "leakiness," lack of effectiveness on certain individuals in a population, or shorter duration of potency.
http://phys.org/news335714306.html
Other Sciences - MathematicsThu, 20 Nov 2014 16:00:01 ESTnews335714306Risk analysis for a complex worldDeveloping adaptable systems for finance and international relations could help reduce the risk of major systemic collapses such as the 2008 financial crisis, according to a new analysis.
http://phys.org/news335528081.html
Other Sciences - MathematicsTue, 18 Nov 2014 10:14:51 ESTnews335528081Solving the future with abstract algebraAsk people what they know about the frontiers of mathematics research, and the response is usually some variation on: "What is there to research about math?"
http://phys.org/news335436014.html
Other Sciences - MathematicsMon, 17 Nov 2014 08:40:22 ESTnews335436014Grothendieck, eccentric maths genius, dies in France (Update)Alexander Grothendieck, one of the great eccentric geniuses of 20th century mathematics, has died in France at the age of 86.
http://phys.org/news335173132.html
Other Sciences - MathematicsFri, 14 Nov 2014 07:39:01 ESTnews335173132Football ratings study: The bandwagon is your second-favorite teamWhen it comes to watching NFL games in Utah on television, the most popular teams are the Broncos, Cowboys or 49ers.
http://phys.org/news334596878.html
Other Sciences - MathematicsFri, 07 Nov 2014 15:34:57 ESTnews334596878Researchers develop new model to study epidemicsFor decades, scientists have been perfecting models of how contagions spread, but newly published research takes the first steps into building a model that includes the loop linking individual human behavior and the behavior of the epidemic itself.
http://phys.org/news334498069.html
Other Sciences - MathematicsThu, 06 Nov 2014 12:07:59 ESTnews334498069