Phys.org: Mathematics News
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en-usPhys.org provides the latest news on mathematics, math, math science, mathematical science and math technology. Mathematicians prove the Umbral Moonshine ConjectureMonstrous moonshine, a quirky pattern of the monster group in theoretical math, has a shadow - umbral moonshine. Mathematicians have now proved this insight, known as the Umbral Moonshine Conjecture, offering a formula with potential applications for everything from number theory to geometry to quantum physics.
http://phys.org/news337863945.html
Other Sciences - MathematicsMon, 15 Dec 2014 11:06:11 ESTnews337863945Assessing scientific research by 'citation wake' detects Nobel laureates' papers(Phys.org)—Ranking scientific papers in order of importance is an inherently subjective task, yet that doesn't keep researchers from trying to develop quantitative assessments. In a new paper, scientists have proposed a new measure of assessment that is based on the "citation wake" of a paper, which encompasses the direct citations and weighted indirect citations received by the paper. The new method attempts to focus on the propagation of ideas rather than credit distribution, and succeeds by at least one significant measure: a large fraction (72%) of its top-ranked papers are coauthored by Nobel Prize laureates.
http://phys.org/news337586941.html
Other Sciences - MathematicsFri, 12 Dec 2014 09:10:04 ESTnews337586941Carrot or stick? Game-theory can optimize collaborationWhat motivates people to cooperate in collaborative endeavors? "First carrot, then stick". Tatsuya Sasaki, mathematician from the University of Vienna, has put forth for the first time ever a mathematical proof of this process. The study is recently published online in the Journal of the Royal Society Interface.
http://phys.org/news336827486.html
Other Sciences - MathematicsWed, 03 Dec 2014 11:11:32 ESTnews336827486Finding the simple patterns in a complex worldAn ANU mathematician has developed a new way to uncover simple patterns that might underlie apparently complex systems, such as clouds, cracks in materials or the movement of the stockmarket.
http://phys.org/news336818882.html
Other Sciences - MathematicsWed, 03 Dec 2014 08:48:15 ESTnews336818882A numbers game: Math helps to predict how the body fights diseaseWalter and Eliza Hall Institute researchers have defined for the first time how the size of the immune response is controlled, using mathematical models to predict how powerfully immune cells respond to infection and disease.
http://phys.org/news336315378.html
Other Sciences - MathematicsThu, 27 Nov 2014 14:00:01 ESTnews336315378Passengers boarding airplanes—we're doing it wrong'Tis the season for airplane travel. We may be looking forward to getting where we're going, but most aspects of the travel itself are merely endured. There's stressful security, the madding crowd and the scrum at boarding, where people and their myriad belongings clog the gate area, standing between you and your departure.
http://phys.org/news336206599.html
Other Sciences - MathematicsWed, 26 Nov 2014 08:20:02 ESTnews336206599Risk analysis for a complex worldDeveloping adaptable systems for finance and international relations could help reduce the risk of major systemic collapses such as the 2008 financial crisis, according to a new analysis.
http://phys.org/news335528081.html
Other Sciences - MathematicsTue, 18 Nov 2014 10:14:51 ESTnews335528081Grothendieck, eccentric maths genius, dies in France (Update)Alexander Grothendieck, one of the great eccentric geniuses of 20th century mathematics, has died in France at the age of 86.
http://phys.org/news335173132.html
Other Sciences - MathematicsFri, 14 Nov 2014 07:39:01 ESTnews335173132Mathematicians settle 30-year-old resonance controversyIn the early '80s, several researchers were working to determine the location of atomic and molecular resonances, which are the frequencies at which atoms and molecules prefer to oscillate. Two groups of researchers (Rittby, et al., and Korsch, et al.), each using a different method, came up with different locations for these resonances. Settling the dispute proved to be extremely difficult due to the fact that neither method could predict the actual resonances, but instead simply gave approximations. In fact, at the time there was no way to locate resonances with absolute certainty.
http://phys.org/news334209065.html
Other Sciences - MathematicsMon, 03 Nov 2014 09:20:02 ESTnews334209065Study using OpenStreetMap and mathematics reveals there are only four unique city topologies(Phys.org) —A pair of researchers, a physicist and a mathematician, has used data from OpenStreetMap and mathematical analysis to come up with the idea that there are only four main types of city topologies. In their paper published in Journal of the Royal Society Interface, Rémi Louf and Marc Barthelemy describe how they used publicly available data to compare the topologies of 131 cities around the world and what their study has revealed.
http://phys.org/news331972198.html
Other Sciences - MathematicsWed, 08 Oct 2014 08:50:01 ESTnews331972198Mathematical model tackles 'Game of Thrones' predictionsTake events from the past, build a statistical model, and tell the future. Why not apply the formula to novels? Can contents in future books be predicted based only on data from existing ones? Richard Vale at the University of Canterbury in New Zealand, said The Physics arXiv Blog, has taken on the challenge in predicting content of as yet unpublished novels in the "A Song of Ice and Fire" series by George R R Martin. The novels are the basis of the television series, "Game of Thrones." The series has five books and two more are awaited. Before proceeding, it should be emphasized that the paper comes with a spoiler alert, so avoid linking to Vale's study if you have not read the first five books.
http://phys.org/news331300193.html
Other Sciences - MathematicsTue, 30 Sep 2014 12:50:12 ESTnews331300193Adding uncertainty to improve mathematical modelsMathematicians from Brown University have introduced a new element of uncertainty into an equation used to describe the behavior of fluid flows. While being as certain as possible is generally the stock and trade of mathematics, the researchers hope this new formulation might ultimately lead to mathematical models that better reflect the inherent uncertainties of the natural world.
http://phys.org/news331227369.html
Other Sciences - MathematicsMon, 29 Sep 2014 16:36:51 ESTnews331227369At the interface of math and scienceIn popular culture, mathematics is often deemed inaccessible or esoteric. Yet in the modern world, it plays an ever more important role in our daily lives and a decisive role in the discovery and development of new ideas—often behind the scenes.
http://phys.org/news331226355.html
Other Sciences - MathematicsMon, 29 Sep 2014 16:23:37 ESTnews331226355Researcher figures out how sharks manage to act like math geniuses(Phys.org) —Bioresearcher Andy Reynolds with Rothamsted Research in the U.K., believes he has solved the mystery of how sharks act like math geniuses—they simply turn away from turbulence, he reports in his paper published in the journal Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences. His research effort and paper came in response to prior research that showed sharks trap prey using what's known as Lévy flight—a mathematical description of an optimal way of moving from one position to another using both long and short hops.
http://phys.org/news330165297.html
Other Sciences - MathematicsWed, 17 Sep 2014 10:00:01 ESTnews330165297Professor quantifies how 'one thing leads to another'(Phys.org) —"One thing led to another," people often say. Events, discoveries and relationships are triggered by something previous. The iPhone case was designed only because the iPhone was invented first. A song became popular only after someone liked it.
http://phys.org/news327303663.html
Other Sciences - MathematicsFri, 15 Aug 2014 06:41:16 ESTnews327303663Team announces construction of a formal computer-verified proof of the Kepler conjecture(Phys.org) —A team of researchers led by the man, Thomas Hales, who came up with written proof of the Kepler conjecture is now reporting that they have constructed a formal proof of the conjecture, which implies the use of a computer. The announcement was made on The Flyspeck Project page, and puts to rest any doubts about the correctness of the proof done by Hales in 1998.
http://phys.org/news327142848.html
Other Sciences - MathematicsWed, 13 Aug 2014 10:10:01 ESTnews327142848Iranian is first woman to win 'Nobel Prize of maths' (Update) An Iranian-born mathematician has become the first woman to win a prestigious Fields Medal, widely viewed as the Nobel Prize of mathematics.
http://phys.org/news327084622.html
Other Sciences - MathematicsTue, 12 Aug 2014 17:50:34 ESTnews327084622Mathematicians analyse new 'racetrack memory' computer device(Phys.org) —Competition to create the smallest, lightest and cheapest laptop on the market is motivating the ongoing search for a better computer-memory device then the current, conventional 2D hard-disk technology. Mathematicians from the University of Bristol have been analysing the potential of one such initiative: the 'racetrack memory' device, proposed by researchers at IBM.
http://phys.org/news326103255.html
Other Sciences - MathematicsFri, 01 Aug 2014 09:40:03 ESTnews326103255'Moral victories' might spare you from losing againIt's human nature to hate losing. Unfortunately, it's also human nature to overreact to a loss, potentially abandoning a solid strategy and thus increasing your chances of losing the next time around.
http://phys.org/news325181302.html
Other Sciences - MathematicsMon, 21 Jul 2014 17:09:13 ESTnews325181302Fair cake cutting gets its own algorithmThe next time your children quibble about who gets to eat which part of a cake, call in some experts on the art of sharing. Mathematician Julius Barbanel of Union College, and political scientist Steven Brams of New York University, both in the US, published an algorithm in Springer's The Mathematical Intelligencer by which they show how to optimally share cake between two people efficiently, in equal pieces and in such a way that no one feels robbed.
http://phys.org/news324744657.html
Other Sciences - MathematicsWed, 16 Jul 2014 15:51:10 ESTnews324744657Effort to model Facebook yields key to famous math problem (and a prize)(Phys.org) —Dan Spielman, a Yale computer scientist, wasn't looking for a new problem. He was already deeply immersed in a tricky effort to model complex online communities like Facebook, hoping to gain insight into how they form and interact.
http://phys.org/news324021302.html
Other Sciences - MathematicsTue, 08 Jul 2014 07:40:02 ESTnews324021302Mathematical model illustrates our online 'copycat' behaviorResearchers from the University of Oxford, the University of Limerick, and the Harvard School of Public Health have developed a mathematical model to examine online social networks, in particular the trade-off between copying our friends and relying on 'best-seller' lists.
http://phys.org/news323962917.html
Other Sciences - MathematicsMon, 07 Jul 2014 15:00:05 ESTnews32396291719th century math tactic gets a makeover—and yields answers up to 200 times fasterA relic from long before the age of supercomputers, the 169-year-old math strategy called the Jacobi iterative method is widely dismissed today as too slow to be useful. But thanks to a curious, numbers-savvy Johns Hopkins engineering student and his professor, it may soon get a new lease on life.
http://phys.org/news323351578.html
Other Sciences - MathematicsMon, 30 Jun 2014 12:53:29 ESTnews323351578Mathematical models explain how a wrinkle becomes a creaseWrinkles, creases and folds are everywhere in nature, from the surface of human skin to the buckled crust of the Earth. They can also be useful structures for engineers. Wrinkles in thin films, for example, can help make durable circuit boards for flexible electronics.
http://phys.org/news322919593.html
Other Sciences - MathematicsWed, 25 Jun 2014 12:53:25 ESTnews322919593Mathematician unleashes 'a wave of new results' in geometric analysisIt's something children do every day when blowing bubbles: Stick a circular wire in a pot of soapy water, pull it out, and behold the film forming across it.
http://phys.org/news321085124.html
Other Sciences - MathematicsWed, 04 Jun 2014 07:19:08 ESTnews321085124Researchers devise method to study network resistance to random failures based on 'random walks'(Phys.org) —A small team of mathematicians with Universitat Rovira i Virgili in Spain, has come up with a way to study a network's resistance to failure. In their paper published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, the researchers describe the concept of "random walks" and how it can be used to mathematically analyze a wide variety of networks to study its resistance to failure.
http://phys.org/news320400230.html
Other Sciences - MathematicsTue, 27 May 2014 09:30:04 ESTnews320400230Mathematicians trace source of Rogers-Ramanujan identities, find algebraic goldMathematicians have found a framework for the celebrated Rogers-Ramanujan identities and their arithmetic properties, solving another long-standing mystery stemming from the work of Indian math genius Srinivasa Ramanujan.
http://phys.org/news317992029.html
Other Sciences - MathematicsTue, 29 Apr 2014 12:07:54 ESTnews317992029Hyperbolic homogeneous polynomials, oh my!Cutting-edge mathematics today, at least to the uninitiated, often sounds as if it bears no relation to the arithmetic we all learned in grade school. What do topology and combinatorics and n-dimensional space have to do with addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division? Yet there remains within mathematics one vibrant field of study that makes constant reference to basic arithmetic: number theory. Number theory—the "queen of mathematics," according to the famous 19th century mathematician Carl Friedrich Gauss—takes integers as its starting point. Begin counting 1, 2, 3, and you enter the domain of number theory.
http://phys.org/news317286995.html
Other Sciences - MathematicsMon, 21 Apr 2014 09:10:08 ESTnews317286995Overcoming structural uncertainty in computer modelsA computer model is a representation of the functional relationship between one set of parameters, which forms the model input, and a corresponding set of target parameters, which forms the model output. A true model for a particular problem can rarely be defined with certainty. The most we can do to mitigate error is to quantify the uncertainty in the model.
http://phys.org/news315571732.html
Other Sciences - MathematicsTue, 01 Apr 2014 11:49:05 ESTnews315571732Statistical physics algorithm helps basketball fans fill out NCAA bracket(Phys.org) —Back in the early 2000s, Ed Feng was a Ph.D. student at Stanford studying chemical engineering. At the time, he never thought that his research on the dynamics of liquids using statistical physics would one day lead to an algorithm that ranks sports teams. Yet now, more than a decade later, he's running a website devoted to sports analytics based on statistical physics that works much in the same way as Google's PageRank algorithm works for ranking websites.
http://phys.org/news314338816.html
Other Sciences - MathematicsTue, 18 Mar 2014 09:20:01 ESTnews314338816