Dragonflies have human-like 'selective attention'

December 20th, 2012 in Biology / Plants & Animals
This shows University of Adelaide researcher Dr. Steven Wiederman with a dragonfly in the Adelaide Centre for Neuroscience Research. Credit: David O'Carroll, University of Adelaide.


This shows University of Adelaide researcher Dr. Steven Wiederman with a dragonfly in the Adelaide Centre for Neuroscience Research. Credit: David O'Carroll, University of Adelaide.

In a discovery that may prove important for cognitive science, our understanding of nature and applications for robot vision, researchers at the University of Adelaide have found evidence that the dragonfly is capable of higher-level thought processes when hunting its prey.

The discovery, to be published online today in the journal , is the first evidence that an invertebrate animal has for , which has so far only been demonstrated in primates.

Dr Steven Wiederman and Associate Professor David O'Carroll from the University of Adelaide's Centre for Neuroscience Research have been studying insect vision for many years.

Using a tiny glass probe with a tip that is only 60 nanometers wide - 1500 times smaller than the width of a human hair - the researchers have discovered in the dragonfly's brain that enables this selective attention.

They found that when presented with more than one visual target, the dragonfly brain cell 'locks on' to one target and behaves as if the other targets don't exist.

This video is not supported by your browser at this time.
This is a video in the field showing a dragonfly on the hunt for prey -- shown at normal speed and then in slow motion. The dragonfly hovers while it searches for prey, moving its head and then repositioning its body, ready to pursue a target. When a target is identified (in this case a small fly), the dragonfly locks on and ignores all other potential targets. It swoops up and catches its prey. Credit: Associate Professor David O'Carroll, University of Adelaide.

"Selective attention is fundamental to humans' ability to select and respond to one sensory stimulus in the presence of distractions," Dr Wiederman says.

"Imagine a tennis player having to pick out a small ball from the crowd when it's traveling at almost 200kms an hour - you need selective attention in order to hit that ball back into play.

"Precisely how this works in biological brains remains poorly understood, and this has been a hot topic in neuroscience in recent years," he says.

"The dragonfly hunts for other insects, and these might be part of a swarm - they're all tiny moving objects. Once the dragonfly has selected a target, its neuron activity filters out all other potential prey. The dragonfly then swoops in on its prey - they get it right 97% of the time."

Associate Professor O'Carroll says this makes the a more efficient and effective predator.

"What's exciting for us is that this is the first direct demonstration of something akin to selective attention in humans shown at the single neuron level in an invertebrate," Associate Professor O'Carroll says.

"Recent studies reveal similar mechanisms at work in the primate brain, but you might expect it there. We weren't expecting to find something so sophisticated in lowly insects from a group that's been around for 325 million years.

"We believe our work will appeal to neuroscientists and engineers alike. For example, it could be used as a model system for robotic vision. Because the insect is simple and accessible, future work may allow us to fully understand the underlying network of neurons and copy it into intelligent robots," he says.

Provided by University of Adelaide

"Dragonflies have human-like 'selective attention'." December 20th, 2012. http://phys.org/news/2012-12-dragonflies-human-like-attention.html